SEC. (m) "Juvenile Justice and Welfare System" refers to a system dealing with children at risk and children in conflict with the law, which provides child-appropriate proceedings, including programs and services for prevention, diversion, rehabilitation, re-integration and aftercare to ensure their normal growth and development. These shall include curfew violations; truancy, parental disobedience and the like. Community-based Programs on Juvenile Justice and Welfare. - The following terms as used in this Act shall be defined as follows: (a) "Bail" refers to the security given for the release of the person in custody of the law, furnished by him/her or a bondsman, to guarantee his/her appearance before any court. The proposed reforms will try to address the different issues of the existing policies and minimize the perpetration of juvenile crimes. - This Act shall be known as the "Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act of 2006." 32. (o) other rights as provided for under existing laws, rules and regulations. SEC. The five pillars of the criminal justice system in the Philippines are law enforcement, prosecution, the courts, the penal system and the community itself. The rehabilitation, training or confinement area of children in conflict with the law shall provide a home environment where children in conflict with the law can be provided with quality counseling and treatment. 40. Results of the assessment shall be submitted by the provincial and city governments to the JJWC not later than March 30 of every year. Whenever appropriate and desirable, the State shall adopt measures for dealing with such children without resorting to judicial proceedings, providing that human rights and legal safeguards are fully respected. It may take the form of an individualized treatment program which may include counseling, skills training, education, and other activities that will enhance his/her psychological, emotional and psycho-social well-being. In cases where children in conflict with the law are taken into custody or detained in rehabilitation centers, they should be provided the opportunity to continue learning under an alternative learning system with basic literacy program or non- formal education accreditation equivalency system. This paper presents a discussion of the formal system of juvenile corrections in the Philippines, including laws and official procedures outlined in the juvenile code and brief descriptions of several correctional facilities located in the metropolitan area of Cagayan de Oro City. SEC. The document transmitting said records shall display the word "CHILD" in bold letters. Care and Maintenance of the Child in Conflict with the Law. System of Diversion. SEC. Upon the issuance of the corresponding document, certifying to the fact that no agreement has been reached by the parties, the case shall be filed according to the regular process. (c) Tertiary intervention includes measures to avoid unnecessary contact with the formal justice system and other measures to prevent re-offending. (e) "Child in Conflict with the Law" refers to a child who is alleged as, accused of, or adjudged as, having committed an offense under Philippine laws. A separate juvenile justice system was established in the United States about 100 years ago with the goal of diverting youthful offenders from the destructive punishments of criminal courts and encouraging rehabilitation based on the individual juvenile's needs. Role of Social Worker in Juvenile Justice: The juvenile, is a person of age 17 or below who had come in conflict with the law. 6. 67. Registered in England & Wales No. SEC. 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