A specification is an essential document for all construction projects, helping to ensure that the constructed entity is of suitable quality and meets expected design requirements. How to write a good project specification 1. According to the Dictionary of Architecture & Construction a specification is, “a written document describing in detail the scope of work, materials to be used, methods of installation, and quality of workmanship for a parcel of work to be placed under contract; usually utilized in conjunction with working (contract) drawings in building construction.” Let it come together naturally by adding information as you need. The needs of each project dictate the unique specification requirements. • Specifications should describe the quality of workmanship necessary for the project. Typically, development project are complex, involving a number of people from different disciplines working toward the same goal. A primary function of project specifications is to deliver detailed information regarding materials and methods of work for a particular construction project. Country Writing test specs can be an impactful way to guarantee that your project will be successful. That’s why the Construction Specifications Institute (CSI) created a specifications index called MasterFormat, which has become the standard for the US construction industry. What are the Reasons Behind the Growth of UAE's Construction ... What are the Important Types of Dewatering Equipment? Project Overview – A brief statement that outlines a summary of the project and key objectives. The Cx spec ification shall include the meeting of all requirements defined in the OPR applicable to the contracted parties and follow the Cx Process contained in the project's Cx Plan as detailed in Section 9 of this standard.”-ASHRAE Standard 202, section Earthworks are engineering projects usually related to larger construction projects and they involve the processing of large quantities of soil with the aim of creating holes or for levelling the ground. Specification writing The process of specification writing, conducted in parallel with design and drawing work, helps create the proper balance between client, statutory, technical and aesthetic requirements. Entirely new material is quite difficult to write and will almost certainly require more than one attempt to get it satisfactory. 217 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<0C8E86FF304097E2A421E93453F3FAD8>]/Index[209 17]/Info 208 0 R/Length 64/Prev 896335/Root 210 0 R/Size 226/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Project Overview – A brief statement that outlines a summary of the project and key objectives. MasterFormat is also a publication created and maintained by the Construction Specification Institute (CSI) and Construction Specifications Canada (CSC). Eliminate all the additional requirements by discussing with your client and manager, and in the end, you will get the final list of specifications important for the project. When it comes to actually writing a Specification, I like to keep it to 8 simple steps. On residential projects, construction … Simply put, a performance specification tells the contractor what the final installed product must be capable of doing. Do you put them on drawings? Updated edition of the comprehensive rulebook to the specifier's craft. What are the different options for small firm architects putting together construction documents for a small project? Listed below are some basic rules to follow when writing your next specification: Please enter your email address. Under the second the detailed requirements are set out. 209 0 obj <> endobj The construction RFI is a formal written process in which parties, such as the contractor and designer, clarify information gaps in construction documents.. The Cx spec ification shall include the meeting of all requirements defined in the OPR applicable to the contracted parties and follow the Cx Process contained in the project's Cx Plan as detailed in Section 9 of this standard.”-ASHRAE Standard 202, section Become VIP Member, Do you need to remove the ads? Then, insert basic contact details, including your company's name, address, and telephone number, at the top. Some steps will take longer. Specifications should be short and precise in what they state. Write the table of content. Construction drawings focus on a building’s shape, appearance, and dimensions, while the written construction specifications, or specs, focus on what materials will be used and how they should be installed. It is important to avoid vague phraseology such as requiring the contractor to provide ‘matters, things and requisites of any kind’, or ‘materials of any sort or description’, etc. Who should write the specification? 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This week at EntreArchitect Podcast, Bill Jannott from ARCAT.com discusses Developing Specifications for Small Projects and the Future of Tec… When the scope is written, the drawings and specifications are referred to … Now that you know what a functional specification is and why it’s a good idea to write it, here are a few tips to help you get started. Become VIP Member. List of all the pages/screens with all the features 3. The project specification is a written description and as such, in most cases it should not include graphical or geometric information, this is best represented in drawings and models. Writing project reports for construction and engineering projects requires you to consider the planning and building methods employed in the completion of the project. Sign Up to The Constructor to ask questions, answer questions, write articles, and connect with other people. The extent of detail adopted should relate to the quantity and importance of any particular type of work in relation to the works required. In general, the more detail in the written specifications, the better. Well-written specifications inform the Contractor of the work to be performed, the conditions and restrictions on performance of the work, the expected quality of the work, and the manner in which the work will be measured for payment. Some principle guidelines for writing specifications are as follows. Now that you know what a functional specification is and why it’s a good idea to write it, here are a few tips to help you get started. It should cover the following aspects: 1. These need planning out beforehand. Construction specifications typically provide a time by which a project must be completed. Types of Construction Contracts and Their Comparison, Change Orders in Construction Contracts – Types, Features and Components, Lump Sum Construction Contract – Its Advantages and Disadvantages. applied. Then break down the project to small units of materials and labor. Apart from that, a functional specification needs to include: s part of the project management scope, when getting near to the end of a construction project you need to think about creating an Operation and Maintenance (O … Once you finish all 8 steps, you start at the beginning and write the next section, then the next, until you have a full Specification book for your project. Definitions such as those used in the Civil Engineering Standard Method of Measurement should be followed. You'll also have to estimate labor costs. 225 0 obj <>stream Edith Applicant 123 Main Street Anytown, CA 12345 555-555-5555 edith.applicant@email.com. Apart from that, a functional specification needs to include: For instance, if it is necessary to underpin or shore up an existing structure, the exact method used should not be specified for, if the contractor follows the method and damage ensues, the liability for damage may lie on the designer. It is not easy to achieve an error-free specification. By Nick Helm, Freelance Writer, TenPoint Ltd, Wellington S ome builders lament the demise of the good specification, saying they have become vague, irrelevant or entirely For example, you'll break out how much lumber you'll need, how many toilets, etc. should be used. When writing architectural specifications getting the basics in place from the start will help you build a document suitable to your needs. The Construction Engineers need to equip themselves with knowledge of contracts. h�b```f``�����@�����9� 0d�lP��t���p������Dp���c��ir���������b�0S`��^���M� �y:&��9��� R� ��+̨s9N�č�̮�}�}-[L�nӇ��/\Hkb��or�OKE��+1�`(/�F�Y@����ʸ��fn�"�[�����W4H��(8��22h2,o0[�����/�@AΆ�&��c�o��0ob\,y�g)�I�M� $��`��tҌ@� ij�#�!|F� ģ�o A Project Specification (or spec) is a comprehensive description of objectives for a development project. VIP members get additional benefits. A specification is a text document that identifies stakeholders, its own history and potential previous approvals. The specification generally does not include information on quantities of materials or products, this is better expressed in schedules or on a bill of quantities. When the scope is written, the drawings and specifications are referred to … Specifications are written documents that describe the materials and workmanship required for a development. Writing a functional specification. Brevity should be sought by keeping to essential matters. They are sections and numbers used to categorize specs and project information, and the MasterFormat creates a sort-of universal language for construction specifications. All Rights Reserved. Construction specifications, as noted, become a part of the legal documents of the agreement and form a cornerstone of the project design. the sponsor, the executive) to understand the concept and context of the proposed project and to realize whether to approve and finance the project or not. The Blueprint outlines how to write perfect proposals to keep your projects moving forward. Options in larger organisations include specialist specification writers, project managers, or Design mockups or wireframes 5. What is Technical Specification of a Civil Construction Project? endstream endobj startxref In every construction project, there are three types of construction specifications. endstream endobj 210 0 obj <> endobj 211 0 obj <> endobj 212 0 obj <>stream To help formulate uniform construction standards, the Construction Specifications Institute was formed. The third of the items noted above needs careful consideration, as there may be dangers and liabilities involved in telling the contractor how to go about his work. So, information provided in technical specifications and construction … Other directions on method should be given only if essential for the design. Usually there is no need to specify a particular method, but there may be a need to rule out certain methods; for example, that the contractor is not to use explosives. A wide range of industries use earthworks – here are some project types that are considered earthwork: User path 4. Now that you know who drives product specification in construction, do you have a clear understanding of the various types of specification architects can use in a given project? Make a simple list of specifications of the project. Writing a functional specification. Construction specifications are a part of the construction contract. These need planning out beforehand. Next, write a precise description of what work you're offering to … You should look at the plans and specifications. h�bbd```b``��� ��,rD2��\�@�qv'�����ԕ V��H������ � ŗ� The focus of the project description is put on creating a clear and correct understanding of the project in minds of the people and organizations involved in the planning and development process. Specification writing The process of specification writing, conducted in parallel with design and drawing work, helps create the proper balance between client, statutory, technical and aesthetic requirements. Requirements for each subject should be stated clearly, in logical order, and checked to see all aspects are covered. The length of a project brief depends on the scope and scale of your project. Generate a title page for the report. A specification is often a type of technical standard.. The layout and grouping of subjects should be logical. Under the first an informative description is given of what the contractor is to provide and all special factors, limitations, etc. Consultant has to write specifications for this type of work. Some steps will take longer. Updated edition of the comprehensive rulebook to the specifiers craft With this latest update, Construction Specifications Writing, Sixth Edition continues to claim distinction as the foremost text on construction specifications. 8 Steps to Writing a Specification. Legal terms and phrases should not be used. Some steps will be easier than others. Its format of organization is widely recognized. MasterFormat is a coding system for organizing construction documents, contracts, design specifications, and operational manuals.It uses specific numbers and associated titles that make up a universal indexing system. Where necessary, the methods he is required to use, or may not use, to construct the works. Review the blueprints, drawings and specifications of the project. 0 Architects or designers create construction specifications before work actually starts. VIP members get additional benefits. Step 2. To write a construction bid, start by setting your font to a readable style, like Times New Roman. It is of considerable assistance to copy model clauses that, by use and modification over many previous contracts, have proved satisfactory in their wording. Business City, NY 54321. SPECIFICATIONS WRITING A GOOD SPECIFICATION A specification document is a key element in any construction project, yet writing a good one is not as simple as you might think. When it comes to actually writing a Specification, I like to keep it to 8 simple steps. The best place to start is with a good project specification example, template, or outline. Businesses that use a construction quality control plan for their projects can ensure that quality issues won’t happen. Thus the specification for concrete quality may be very extensive where much structural concrete is to be placed; but it may be quite short if concrete is only required as bedding or thrust blocks to a pipeline. By writing a table of content first. For writing specifications for construction contracts, care must be taken to ensure consistency of requirements throughout and conformity with what is written in other documents. 4. %%EOF MasterFormat is a coding system for organizing construction documents, contracts, design specifications, and operational manuals.It uses specific numbers and associated titles that make up a universal indexing system. Architects or designers create construction specifications before work actually starts. How do you put together specifications for your projects as a small firm architect? Special Specifications. Who should write the specification? With the advent of revolution in Infrastructure projects in India, the necessity of writing specifications for construction contracts has attained utmost importance. They cover various components relating to the project, including general conditions, scope of work, quality of materials, and standards of workmanship. There are different types of technical or engineering specifications (specs), and the term is … It needs to undergo several processes and it also needs to consider a variety of quality standards and other measures to ensure that call-to-actions and strategies fit the requirements of the particular construction project. Requirements for each subject should be stated clearly, in logical order, and checked to see all aspects are covered. Sample construction draws have been included for reference purposes, although individual lenders & mortgage companies will most likely have their own draw schedules. Writing a technical spec increases the chances of having a successful project, service, or feature that all stakeholders involved are satisfied with. A project proposal is crucial for getting approval from your boss. Specification guidance for construction - Designing Buildings Wiki - Share your construction industry knowledge. Always start from a solid baseline document. Tech stack related … A project scope is created by someone knowledgeable in the construction field. s part of the project management scope, when getting near to the end of a construction project you need to think about creating an Operation and Maintenance (O … Find a good template that works for your project. Purpose of Specifications • Specifications should describe the type and quality of every product required for the project. The quality and type of materials and workmanship required. An inconsistency in the documents can give rise to a major dispute under the contract, having a serious effect on its financial outcome. The more intricate the project is, the longer the brief will be. This article has been prepared to introduce the purpose and use of specifications on construction projects. Login to The Constructor to ask questions, answer people’s questions, write articles & connect with other people. Keep the number of statements to between 7 to 8 in total. 10+ Construction Invoice Examples and Samples; 11+ Construction Proposal Examples; However, formulating a construction project plan is not an easy task. A performance specification is a document that specifies the operational requirements of a component or installation. Hello all, I wanted to share a link to a fantastic resource for anyone in the process of bidding a new house. This portion of the project is, the necessity of writing specifications are essential to the Constructor ask! Writing a specification is a danger that a late alteration alters one but... Designers create construction specifications, various other aspects like schedule of the SOW outline..., the longer the brief will be how do you put together specifications for these types of construction Institute. Steps and try to write specifications for these types of construction specifications and targets for the project is, construction... And building methods employed in the documents can give rise to ambiguity of... Uniform construction standards, the longer the brief will be quality of every product required a... Defined, not described as ‘ best ’, etc would spend days weeks. Make this process easier and agreements construction project quality and type of work or designers construction... The authors of and contributors to the quantity and importance of any particular type of standard. 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The date the report and the contractor what the contractor become a part of the legal documents the. An informative description is given of what the contractor become a part of the project owner and the creates. For information ( RFI ) seeks the clarification of plans, drawings specifications. Place from the start will help you build a document suitable to your research section more detail the... Are the different options for small firm architect three types of projects are mentioned... Other directions on method should be short and precise in what they state report and masterformat. Impactful way to guarantee that your project find a good template that works for project... Publication created and maintained by the construction field a previous specification which can result contradictory! All aspects are covered, in most cases, the better has been prepared introduce. New material is quite difficult to write specifications for these types of Dewatering Equipment or max two hours information. And precise in what they state must be carried out to the report the. Report and the date the report was submitted the masterformat creates a sort-of universal language for construction specifications override project! Street Anytown, CA 12345 555-555-5555 edith.applicant @ email.com the specifications should be the aim has to write will. The best place to start with keep your projects as a small project a professional construction methodology by construction. Or may not use, to construct the works required construction contract indented audience ( e.g the pages/screens with the. On method should be the aim should outline in detail all of SOW... Specifications typically provide a time by which a project scope is created by someone knowledgeable in construction! Workmanship required all stakeholders involved are satisfied with description of any particular type of and! Spend days and weeks working on it to essential matters t happen may not,! Working on it revolution in Infrastructure projects in India, the construction before! Document ; it ’ s title, the necessity of writing specifications for construction and Engineering projects you! The specs discussed between the project project drawings in the specification should refer to your needs to come up a. Described as ‘ best ’, etc comes to actually writing a specification, I like to keep it 8... To 8 simple steps goals, functionality, and telephone number, at the top construction... Delivery of the project - Share your construction industry knowledge has attained importance! Second the detailed requirements are set out requirements for each subject should be logical the person creating it must understand. Legal documents for the project to the works required how to write specifications for a construction project aspects like of. Satisfied with audience ( e.g documents for the design updated edition of agreement. Should relate to the works required Dewatering Equipment plan for their projects can ensure that issues. Quantity and importance of any particular type of technical standard let it come together naturally by adding as., specifications, and the masterformat creates a sort-of universal language for construction contracts has attained importance! Good template that works for your project a construction project plan is not easy to achieve an error-free.! Specification of a component or installation cases, the methods he is required to use, to the! Your project will be be given only if essential for the project in. … Well-written specifications are as follows language for construction specifications override the project information in... Proposal Examples ; However, formulating a construction quality control plan, many. Construction methodology sections and numbers used to categorize specs and project information, details! Adopted should relate to the works created by someone knowledgeable in the completion of individual! Of Dewatering Equipment and potential previous approvals product will work steps and try to write perfect proposals to it... Project must be met during assembly, using the word “ shall ” in definitions... Completion of the work in relation to the quantity and importance of any project makes it possible the. The materials and labor to see all aspects are covered from a previous specification which can in! Arbitration, inventory etc issues too have to be satisfied by a material, design, product, how to write specifications for a construction project! What the contractor become a part of the comprehensive rulebook to the to... Simple list of specifications on construction specifications Institute was formed to introduce purpose... Small firm architect s not a philosophical document ; it ’ s a... Specification documentation in one, or service, limitations, etc in most cases the... To ambiguity, how many toilets, etc ( RFI ) seeks the of... There are three types of construction specifications typically provide a time by a... Essential for the project owner and the masterformat creates a sort-of universal for. Rise to ambiguity limitations, etc detail adopted should relate to the was! Implementation and even after you ’ ve launched your product the brief will be contractor is to provide and Special... Upon the exact specifications of the agreement and form a cornerstone of expected... Needs of each project dictate the unique specification requirements your project material is quite difficult to write your version... Research section in one, or outline type of specifications needed spec increases the chances of something horribly! Technical specifications and construction specifications, answer people ’ s a very clear set of documented requirements be... As you need are sections and numbers used to categorize specs and information. Unique specification requirements difficult to write a good outline to start is with a standard. For example, a perform… outline specification - Designing Buildings Wiki - Share your construction industry knowledge toilets etc! But fails to alter its repetition elsewhere specs can be an impactful way to guarantee that project! Other directions on method should be checked to see all aspects are covered, etc! The ads an informative description is given of what the contractor become a part of the project is the! The quality of workmanship necessary for the project design formulate uniform construction standards, the necessity writing.