It occurs chiefly as the gray sulfide mineral stibnite. >> show more Antimony has been known since ancient times. Complete and detailed technical data about the element Antimony in the Periodic Table. Hazards and Risks. Basil Valentine described its preparation in his work "Triumphal Chariot of Antimony… This was included because historically, ancient Egyptians used stibnite (antimony and sulfur) to line their eyes. Image showing periodicity of the logarithm of the abundance of the chemical elements as a cityscape on a periodic table grid. This is nice clean bulk grade antimony metal, in the form of broken polycrystalline lumps. Discoverer. Antimony (Sb, atomic number 51) is a toxic chemical element. Antimony is a chemical element and it is a member of group 15 and period 5 in the periodic table. It is often found in other ores such as silver, copper, and lead. Periodic Table of the Elements: Antimony Atomic Number: 51 Atomic Symbol: Sb Antimonyantimony [Lat. Interactive periodic table with up-to-date element property data collected from authoritative sources. It is a lustrous, silvery, bluish white solid that is very brittle and has a flaky texture. It is classed among the group of metalloids. Comprehensive data on the chemical element Antimony is provided on this page; including scores of properties, element names in many languages, most known nuclides of Antimony. ASCII PERIODIC TABLE OF THE ELEMENTS Sb Relative atomic mass: 121.760 +- 0.001 English: Antimony French: Antimoine Croatian: Antimon German: Antimon Italian: Antimonio Spanish: Antimonio Atomic number: 51 Group numbers: 15 Period: 5 Standard state (20 o C): solid Discovery: - - Antimony has been known since ancient times. Common chemical compounds are also provided for many elements. It rarely occurs free in nature. Fully descriptive writeups. Interactive periodic table showing names, electrons, and oxidation states. The chemical symbol for Hydrogen is H.. With a standard atomic weight of circa 1.008, hydrogen is the lightest element on the periodic table. The origin of the name comes from the Latin word stibium meaning mineral stibnite. Each entry has a full citation identifying its source. Hydrogen is a chemical element with atomic number 1 which means there are 1 protons and 1 electrons in the atomic structure. Compare Antimony vs Phosphorus of the Periodic Table on all their Facts, Electronic Configuration, Chemical, Physical, Atomic properties. It is a bluish-white metal with a flaky crystalline texture and metallic luster. And the mineral hardness of Antimony is 3 Mohs. Antimony is a chemical element of the periodic table with chemical symbol Sb and has atomic number 51 with an atomic mass of 121.76 u and it belongs to the element category metalloid. Metallic antimony is extremely brittle. An example of the element Antimony: Sample Image; Bulk Commercial Grade. I would be delighted to receive corrections as well as additional referenced uses.. used in semiconductor technology for making infrared detectors, diodes, and Hall-effect devices Other metalloids include boron, silicon, germanium, arsenic, and tellurium. The metallic form is considered to be less active whereas stibine (SbH 3) and antimony trioxide are extremely toxic. Table. It belongs to the nitrogen family. Sb Element (Antimony) - Antimony is chemical element number 51, with atomic weight 122, chemical symbol Sb, and is a member of group 15 of the periodic table. Antimony is a semimetallic chemical element which can exist in two forms: the metallic form is bright, silvery, hard and brittle; the non metallic form is a grey powder. Its monatomic form (H) is the most abundant chemical substance in the Universe, constituting roughly 75% of all baryonic mass. Our antimony page has over 240 facts that span 110 different quantities. Antimony exists in many allotropic forms. Phosphorous, Arsenic, Bismuth and Moscovium are the other elements in the nitrogen family. Antimony trioxide (Sb 3 O 2) Antimony pentafluoride (SbF 5) Antimony tribromide (SbBr 3) Interesting facts: Nicolas Lemery described it first in 1707. I tried to include a lot of the symbolism about the element; easily the most noticeable one is the Egyptian eye in the middle. antimony (symbol Sb) Toxic semimetallic element of group V of the periodic table. Antimony is a metalloid element. Antimony, symbol Sb, has a Simple Trigonal structure and Silver color. Trivial name of Antimony is pentels, pnictogens*. Its monatomic form (H) is the most abundant chemical substance in the Universe, constituting roughly 75% of all baryonic mass. Antimony in the form of Antimony(III) sulfide, Sb2S3 was known to the ancients as early as about 3100 BC and was used by them as an eye cosmetic. Related article: Periodic Table of the Elements (table)Periodic Table of the Elements (showing atomic number and atomic symbol; click on atomic symbol for more detailed information) Groups ..... Click the link for more information. Many of the salts are carcinogenic. Extra videos -- Our YouTube Channel -- Sixty Symbols (physics) -- Numberphile (maths) -- Facebook -- Twitter -- Email Atomic number of Antimony is 51 and it is indicated by the symbol Sb. It is found also as heavy metal antimonides and as antimony oxides ... showing periodicity of the logarithm of the abundance in the earth's crust of the chemical elements as a heat map on a periodic table grid. Antimony reacts with in air and form trioxide antimony: 4 Sb (s) + 3 O 2 (g) → 2 Sb 2 O 3 (s) (Flame is Bluish white). No data for any oxides of antimony. The density of Antimony is 6690 kg / m 3. Periodic Table of Elements Element Antimony - Sb. The elemental classification of Antimony is Metalloids, and it belongs to group 15 and period 5 in the Periodic Table of Elements. Antimony, a metallic element belonging to the nitrogen group (Group 15 [Va] of the periodic table). All antimony compounds are highly toxic. Hazards and risks associated with antimony: Antimony compounds are encountered rarely by most people. The melting point of Antimony is 904 Kelvin (631 ℃). This element has been known since ancient times.The particular discoverer is not known. Illustration about Antimony is a chemical element with symbol Sb from Latin: stibium and atomic number 51. Element 51 of Periodic table is Antimony with atomic number 51, atomic weight 121.76. The melting point of antimony is 630.74°C, the boiling point is 1950°C, specific gravity is 6.691 (at 20°C), with a valence of 0, -3, +3, or +5. Antimony is a poor conductor of heat and electricity, it is stable in dry air and is not attacked by dilute acids or alkalis. Antimony is sometimes found as the free element, but more usually as antimony sulphide (Sb 2 S 3, stibnite). Antimony compounds cause severe liver damage. Its ores are widely distributed. Learn applications, properties, health effects & uses of antimony with videos. Explore the different alchemical symbols for antimony and learn how the alchemists viewed this element, in this Visual Elements Periodic Table resource from the Royal Society of Chemistry Hydrogen is a chemical element with atomic number 1 which means there are 1 protons and 1 electrons in the atomic structure.The chemical symbol for Hydrogen is H. With a standard atomic weight of circa 1.008, hydrogen is the lightest element on the periodic table. The following uses for antimony are gathered from a number of sources as well as from anecdotal comments. Chemical Reactions. It is used in some alloys, particularly in hardening lead for batteries and type metal, and in semiconductors. Antimony. The relative atomic mass of Antimony is 121.760 u. Like arsenic, which sits directly above it in the periodic table, the toxicity of antimony and its compounds varies according to the chemical state of the element. Stibnite (a sulphide) is its commonest ore. Stibnite (a sulphide) is its commonest ore. All values of lattice energies are quoted in kJ mol-1. Antimony. Compound Thermochemical cycle / kJ mol-1 Calculated / kJ mol-1; SbF 3: 5295 (no value) SbCl 3: 5032 (no value) SbBr 3: 4954 (no value) SbI 3: 4867 (no value) No data for any hydrides of antimony. Antimony compounds have been known since ancient times and were powdered for use as medicine and cosmetics, often known by the Arabic name, kohl. At red heat, Reacts with water and form Antimony (lll) oxide: Sb reacts slowly at ambient temperature. Its monatomic form (H) is the most abundant chemical substance in the Universe, constituting roughly 75% of all baryonic mass. Properties . A look at what EDAX's EBSD products can detect in regards to Antimony. Antimony was discovered by Basil Valentine of Germany in 1450. Hydrogen is a chemical element with atomic number 1 which means there are 1 protons and 1 electrons in the atomic structure. But antimony helped me see what a glorious mishmash the periodic table is, and that even its most obscure corridors have stories to tell. Areas covered include atomic structure, physical properties, atomic interaction, thermodynamics, identification, atomic size, crystal structure, history, abundances, and nomenclature. Antimony: In my tile I used pencil crayon only. Our Periodic Element comparison tool allows you to compare Periodic Elements properties side by side for all 118 elements | SchoolMyKids Interactive Dynamic Periodic Table, Periodic Table Element Comparison tool, Element Property trends Description and origins of Antimony Goblets, a sample of the element Antimony in the Periodic Table. I've melted and cast this stuff (see next two samples) and it's really quite an odd metal to cast, probably because it's right on the line between being a metal and not a metal. Two allotropic forms of antimony exist; the usual stable metallic form and the amorphous gray form. A short film about the chemistry of Antimony, presented by The Periodic Table of Videos. Antimony is found in stibnite (Sb2S3) and in valentinite (Sb2O3). The chemical symbol for Hydrogen is H.. With a standard atomic weight of circa 1.008, hydrogen is the lightest element on the periodic table. Metalloids are elements that are neither purely metal nor non-metal. Illustration of square, gray, element - 155334278 Visualize trends, 3D orbitals, isotopes, and mix compounds. Antimony – Periodic Table – Atomic Properties Antimony is a lustrous gray metalloid, it is found in nature mainly as the sulfide mineral stibnite. It is a hard, brittle, silvery-white semimetal that is stable in dry air. 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