In 1625, Minuit made the voyage to New Netherland, a Dutch colony that stretched from modern-day Delaware into Connecticut. [13], According to researchers at the National Library of the Netherlands,[citation needed] "The original inhabitants of the area were unfamiliar with the European notions and definitions of ownership rights. "If similar trade goods were involved in the Manhattan arrangement", Burrows and Wallace surmise, "then the Dutch were engaged in high-end technology transfer, handing over equipment of enormous usefulness in tasks ranging from clearing land to drilling wampum. ", A contemporary purchase of rights in nearby Staten Island, to which Minuit also was party, involved duffel cloth, iron kettles, axe heads, hoes, wampum, drilling awls, "Jew's harps", and "diverse other wares". We at present affectionately refer to it as New York. *originally called New Netherlands *Taken over from the Dutch * Established by Peter Stuyvesant *Proprietary William Penn, English Quaker leader and advocate of religious freedom, who oversaw the founding of the American Commonwealth of Pennsylvania as a refuge for Quakers and other religious minorities of Europe. New York History On February 2 nd 1653 New Amsterdam received municipal rights thus becoming a city. Peter married Gertrude Raedts on August 20 1613, at age 33. After being After being dismissed from his position as Director of New Netherland, he worked with the Swedish government and founded He also assisted the poor during the Spanish occupation of 1614–1619.[4]. For the Indians, water, air and land could not be traded. Opportunities for trade and agriculture were the primary purposes for its founding. New York History On February 2 nd 1653 New Amsterdam received municipal rights thus becoming a city. [2], Peter Minuit was born at Wesel between 1580 and 1585[3][4] into a Calvinist family[5] that had moved from the city of Tournai (presently part of Wallonia, Belgium) in the Southern Netherlands, to Wesel in Germany, in order to avoid Spanish Catholic colonials, who were not favorably disposed toward Protestants. Time for Sight-Seeing 47. [12] By 2006 sixty guilders in 1626 was worth approximately $1,000 in current dollars, according to the Institute for Social History of Amsterdam. He founded the Swedish colony of New Sweden on the Delaware Peninsula in 1638. and for hosting A&E's signature series Biography. Complicating the story further, a 1649 deed for Manhattan held by New Netherland Director General Petrus Stuyvesant put the land title in the name of Native-American representatives, begging the question of the existence of Minuit's deal two decades earlier.). He was arrested for attending Quaker meetings, but was released because of his famous father. Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898, Peter Minuit Biography - Facts, Birthday, Life Story, American Lutheranism Volume 1: Early History of American Lutheranism, "Peter Minuit Playground", New York City Department of Parks and Recreation, Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Peter_Minuit&oldid=996499395, Articles needing additional references from May 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2018, Pages using New York City Subway service templates, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 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