This is the best and most comprehensive article that I have ever read on the history and evolution of the US Coast Guard’s “ice” vessels prior to the WW2 era “Wind Class” heavy ice breakers. The good news is that work has commenced on the first new heavy polar icebreaker for the United States Coast Guard in 43 years. "Atomic Icebreaker Considered." University of Calgary. 7×269-foot heavy (Wind-class) icebreakers that could break up to 13-feet of sea ice, armed with 5″ guns and capable of carrying a helicopter. She was placed out of commission on 1 February 1966 and, by a previous agreement with the Coast Guard, was recommissioned in that service as USCGC Staten Island (W-AGB-278). This section lists the names and designations that the ship had during its lifetime.The list is in chronological order. Naval InstituteProceedings 89 (Feb 1963), pp. Sea were designed to break 6.5 feet. Construction of Burton Island was completed two weeks ahead of schedule, and on 1 October 1946, prior to commissioning, plans for her participating in the expedition were formulated and supplies ordered to allow her to get underway for Antarctica as quickly as possible. The ship resumed the name Southwind on 18 January 1967. United States Coast Guard (more on United States Coast Guard) USCGC Eastwind (WAGB 279) USCGC Northwind (i) (WAGB 278) USCGC Northwind (ii) (WAGB 282) USCGC Southwind (WAGB 280) USCGC Westwind (WAGB 281) 4 Icebreakers (5 names) of the Wind class. } Polar. Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from the United States Coast Guard, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/Icebreakers.asp, http://www.sjofartsverket.se/en/About-us/Activities/Icebreaking/The-History-of-Nordic-Icebreaking/, http://oceania.pbworks.com/w/page/8472187/Swedish%20Auxiliary%20Ships, http://www.ucalgary.ca/arcticexpedition/icebreakers/hmcs-labrador, http://web.archive.org/web/20110110055727/http://www.aviation.technomuses.ca/assets/pdf/e_PiaseckiHUP-3.pdf, http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/statenisland_1965.asp, http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/s18/staten_island.htm, http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/08/0805.htm, http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/Eastwind_1944.asp, http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/Southwind1944.asp, http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/a13/atka.htm, http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/08/0803.htm, http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/Westwind1944.pdf, http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/w7/westwind.htm, http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/08/0806.htm, http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/Northwind1945.pdf, http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/Burton_Island_1966.asp, http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/b11/burton-island-i.htm, http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/08/0801.htm, http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/Edisto_1965.asp, http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/e2/edisto.htm, http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/08/0802.htm, List of United States Coast Guard cutters, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Wind-class_icebreaker?oldid=5194245, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, Western Pipe and Steel Company (WPS), San Pedro, California, 6,500 short tons (5,900 metric tons) (full load), Six Fairbanks-Morse 10-cylinder diesel engines, 13.4 knots (24.8 km/h; 15.4 mph) (maximum), 32,485 mi (52,280 km) at 11.6 knots (21.5 km/h; 13.3 mph), Aft turret replaced by retractable hangar on aft helicopter deck after WW2, Builder: Western Pipe and Steel Company (WPS) San Pedro, California, Power Plant: six Fairbanks Morse diesel engines at 2000, Displacement: approx 6,515 tons full load (fl), Crew: 21 officers, 295 enlisted as built; (after World War II, the U.S. vessels of the Wind- class had their armament gradually reduced, which also reduced their complements), Armament: Four 5-inch/38 (127 mm) dual purpose guns (2 twin turrets). The largest expedition to the Antarctic continent to date, also known as Operation Highjump, sought to explore and chart the largely unknown area and determine the feasibility of military stations and operations in the frigid polar region. 1x 230-foot medium icebreaker (Storis) that could break up to 6-feet of sea ice, armed with 3-inch guns. Brigham, Lawson W. "One-Forty Class Coast Guard Icebreaker-Tugs."  ________. That is the USCGC Polar Star, first launched in the 1970s. Edisto (AG-89), at the time one of the world's most powerful icebreakers, was launched 29 May 1946 by Western Pipe and Steel Co., San Pedro, Calif.; sponsored by Mrs. George B. Gelly; and commissioned 20 March 1947, Commander E. C. Folger in command. NB: The two Northwinds referenced below are not to be confused with one another. Staten Island (AGB-5) was built by the Western Pipe and Steel Co., San Pedro, Calif., and delivered to Russia under the Lend-Lease program on 24 February 1944 and served that country as Severny Veter (Northwind). Status: Decommissioned 9 May 1978, sold 1980,and scrapped 1982. Edmund L. Andronik in command. Framing was closely spaced and the entire hull was designed for great strength. She was launched on 31 March 1943 and commissioned on 18 September 1944. Labrador was the only Canadian Wind-class icebreaker to be constructed, and also the last of the Wind-class to be built. Albert Norris, USN (Ret. var d = new Date(); The Coast Guard’s medium icebreake… But only one is really considered a so-called 'heavy' icebreaker. Matthew Fontaine Maury concluded that a Northwest Passage must exist and that it must be occasionally ice free. Status: Decommissioned 15 Nov 1977 and scrapped. Northwind was one of the icebreakers designed by Lieutenant commander Edward Thiele and Gibbs & Cox of New York, who modeled them after plans for European icebreakers he obtained before the start of World War II. Gerald L. Ketchum in command. CAPT Don Taub, USCG, Retired Their stern was similarly shaped to facilitate breaking ice while backing down. Ballast could also be shifted rapidly between fore and aft tanks to change the trim of the ship. She was again transferred to the Canadian Coast Guard (CCG) and re-commissioned CCGS Labrador, serving from 1962 to 1987. She was the fourth of seven completed ships of the Wind-class of icebreakers operated by the United States Coast Guard. Burton Island (AG-88) was laid down on 15 March 1945 at San Pedro, Calif., by the Western Pipe & Steel Co.; launched on 30 April 1946; sponsored by Mrs. Maud Norris, wife of Capt. Eastwind was the second of five Wind-class of icebreakers built for the United States Coast Guard. The . [15][16][17], This was the second icebreaker commissioned Northwind. The ship was returned to the United States at Bremerhaven, Germany, on 19 December 1951 and commissioned there on 31 January 1952 as Northwind (AGB-5), Lt. Comdr. The Coast Guard currently has three operational icebreakers Three Coast Guard icebreakers remain active. It was accompanied by the U.S. Navy icebreaker, Burton Island. Eventually, the Coast Guard operated seven Wind-class icebreakers. CANADA AVIATION MUSEUM AIRCRAFT. The Coast Guard contracted for five vessels of the class in November 1941 to fulfill the need to access military bases in Greenland that would be inaccessible during most of the year without the use of heavy icebreakers. Scale: 1/285. @media only screen and (min-device-width : 320px) and (max-device-width : 480px) { Returned to  United States Navy in 1950 as the USS Atka, then transferred in 1966 to  United States Coast Guard where she was known as the USCGC Southwind. The name change was made to avoid confusion with the other icebreaker.[18]. 2014—The Burton Island was stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 1 January 1967. In addition the Labrador was built by the Canadians. On 21 August 1954 the icebreaker U.S. Coast Guard Northwind sailed on a classified mission, west to east, and navigated through McClure Strait, and became the first ship to ever make the Northwest Passage. Currently the Coast Guard’s complement of icebreakers includes the 42-year old heavy icebreaker Polar Star which underwent an extensive three-year reactivation in 2013. The plate material from the WIND Class icebreakers is unnormalized Navy High-Tensile Steel (HTS) conforming to the HTS specification in effect in 1943. The sides of the icebreaker were rounded, with marked tumble home, that enabled the ship to break free from ice by heeling from side to side. Such heeling was accomplished by shifting water rapidly from wing tanks on one side of the ship to the other. A 24 inch replica model of the USCGC Westwind (WAGB-281) a United States Coast Guard Wind-class icebreaker Find this Pin and more on US Coast Guard Vesselsby SD Model Makers. On 04 September 1954, the U.S. Navy icebreaker USS Burton Island (AGB 1) and the U.S. Coast Guard icebreaker USCGC Northwind (WAGB 282) became the first two ships to transit the fabled Northwest Passage through the ice-choked M�Clure Strait. U.S. Coast Guard Public Affairs After these two ships conquered the McClure Strait, they met with the Canadian icebreaker Labrador going east to west. USMilitaryArt.com is an online art gallery offering prints and profile drawings depicting theequipment, personnel, and scenarios of the United States military, including the US Air Force, US Army, US Marine Corps, US Navy, and US Coast Guard See more ideas about coast guard, uscg, guard. Twelve 40 mm/60 AA guns (3 quadruple turrets). Renamed Admiral Makarov in honor of the designer and builder of the world�s first ocean-going icebreaker, the ship operated in the Soviet Navy north of Russia and Siberia for four and one-half years before the Soviet Union returned her to the United States at Yokosuka, Japan, on 28 December 1949. script.setAttribute("async", true); Two. Bids for disposition of the ship opened on 27 August 1980. These were the Staten Island, Northwind, Eastwind, Southwind, Westwind and the US Navy Burton Island and the Edisto. var setNptTechAdblockerCookie = function(adblocker) { ); and commissioned on 28 December 1946, Cmdr. She was commissioned at Yokosuka on 1 October 1950. Westwind (AGB-6) was struck from the Navy list on 8 September 1952. }, Page last modified: Wind class Icebreakers ships 1944 : Heavily armed icebreakers which served from 1944 through the late 1970s in the United States Coast Guard. Gibbs & Cox of New York provided the designs with input from the Coast Guard's Naval Engineering Division. Her keel was laid down on 23 June 1942 at Western Pipe and Steel Company shipyards in San Pedro.She was launched on 6 February 1943 and commissioned on 3 June 1944. I commend Atlantic Area historian, William Thiesen for his bringing USCG’s history back to life. They were very effective ships: all except Eastwind served at least thirty years, and Northwind served in the USCG continuously for forty-four years. Diesel electric machinery was chosen for its controllability and resistance to damage, and they were fitted with a removable front propeller used to create a wash to clear ice. Staten Island participated in operations and expeditions in the Arctic and Antarctic until early 1966. Normalizing of the plate material in the laboratory] resulted in a marked improvement in notch- toughness properties. The Wind-class icebreakers were a line of diesel electric-powered icebreakers in service with the United States Navy, United States Coast Guard, Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Coast Guard and Soviet Navy from 1944 through the late 1970s. PIASECKI (VERTOL) HUP-3 (RETRIEVER). Labrador was then transferred to Department of Transport (DOT), re-commissioned Canadian Government Ship (CGS) Labrador serving 1958 to 1962. Staten Island was struck from the Navy list on 1 March 1966. Eventually shifted to the Great Lakes, Westwind continued in Coast Guard service into 1979 on those bodies of water. Labrador possessed all the general characteristics of her American-built sister ships, but was much improved with state-of-the-art gear at the time (1951). Ultimately, she was decommissioned from Coast Guard service on 31 May 1974, and she was sold for scrap to the Union Mineral & Alloy Corp. of New York on 10 March 1976 for $231,079.00. Status: Decommissioned 15 November 1974 and scrapped. They were very effective ships: all except Eastwind served at least thirty years, and Northwind served in the USCG continuously for forty-four years. From her homeport in Boston, Mass., Southwind served briefly along the coast of Greenland (6 October�8 November 1944), where German forces had been landing teams to set up stations to provide weather forecasts to the Third Reich during World War II. document.cookie = "__adblocker=" + (adblocker ? The USCG has been working towards securing funding for a new polar class icebreaker for at least the past decade. Mariners Weather Log25 (Nov-Dec 1981), pp. d.setTime(d.getTime() + 60 * 60 * 24 * 2 * 1000); 6 (1976), p. 315. Icebreakers, 420-foot Healy class (WAGB) The Coast Guard’s largest ship, the CGC Healy, was launched in 1997 and commissioned in 2000, joining the two Polar-class icebreakers in their homeport of Seattle, Washington. It is sorted by length down to 65', the minimum length of a USCG cutter. "Under Way With the 140-foot Icebreaker-Tugs." These analyses were invariably characterized by comments such as, �extensive brittle fracture�, �indicative of brittle cleavage type failures�, or �highly notch�sensitive�. "A Brief History of U.S. Coast Guard Icebreakers." Considered the most technologically advanced icebreakers in the world when first built, the Wind-class icebreakers were also heavily armed; the first operator of the class was the United States Coast Guard, which used the vessels for much-needed coastal patrol off Greenland during World War II. Status: Decommissioned 20 January 1989 and scrapped. This model kit was erroneously labeled as 1/292 scale from 1960 but corrected to 1/285 scale in Revell's 2009 boxing.Includes 1 mount (turret) with barrels.Recommended for: Revell 1/285 scale Wind class icebreaker USCG Cutter Burton Island WAGB-283 Revell 1/285 scale Wind class icebreaker USCG Cutter Eastwind WAGB-279 When built, Wind class icebreakers, such as USCG … The Wind - class icebreakers were a line of diesel electric - powered icebreakers in service with the United States Navy United States Coast Guard, Royal The Royal Navy was responsible for all of British North America, until Canadian Confederation in 1867. Renamed Severny Polyus by the Russians, the icebreaker remained in Soviet hands through the end of World War II. In late 1946, the Navy desperately needed the services of the not-yet-commissioned icebreaker Burton Island for the First Antarctic Developments Project. Since whales must come up to breath, there had to be a passage through the Arctic that was occasionally ice-free. 386-389. Southwind (WAG-280) was laid down on 20 July 1942 at San Pedro, Calif., by the Western Pipe & Steel Co.; launched on 8 March 1943; sponsored by Mrs. Ona Jones; and commissioned by the U.S. Coast Guard on 15 July 1944. Three of the vessels of the class, the Westwind, the Southwind, and the first Northwind all went on to serve temporarily for the Soviet Union under the Lend-Lease program, while two others were built for the United States Navy and another was built for the Royal Canadian Navy; all eight vessels were eventually transferred to the United States Coast Guard and the Canadian Coast Guard. Naval Institut… [1], Initially, the ships of the Wind-class carried the designation of either WAG for Coast Guard, Auxiliary, General, or, (the U.S. Navy) AGB for Auxiliary, General, Breaker. She was based on Wind Class but she was wider and longer than the wind class.... Model Ship Plans / other ship plans Seven such icebreakers were built for the US Navy and the US Coast Guard. The vessel was repaired at Yokosuka and, on 28 April 1950, was renamed Atka (AGB-3). By reviewing log books of whaling ships, Maury noticed references to designs and markings on harpoons found on captured whales in the Atlantic that indicated they were from Pacific Ocean whalers. U.S. Coast Guard Historian's Office. These were considered warships and were equipped with twin five-inch gun mounts. The bad news is that when it … 156-158. Adams, Michael R. "Coast Guard Breaks Ice with New 140-Foot Tugs." uscg storis 230’ icebreaker uscg surf rescue boat – 30’ uscg surface effect ship – 110’ uscg training bark-eagle – 295’ uscg tribe class – 255’ uscg unalga uscg valiant uscg venturous uscg victory uscg vigilant uscg whec 378’ cutter uscg wind class ice breaker – 269’ uscg wind class icebreakers … The Wind - class icebreakers were a line of diesel electric-powered icebreakers in service with the United States Navy, United States Coast Guard, Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Coast Guard and Soviet Navy from 1944 through the late 1970s. Labrador served in RCN from 1954 to 1957. var script = document.createElement("script"); On several occasions of simificant shell damage, the oppotunity was taken to perform metallurgical examination on cropped-out hull plate. Decommissioned on 13 March 1952 and turned over to the Boston Naval Shipyard for custody on that day, Westwind was transferred to the United States Coast Guard on 19 March. Status: Decommissioned 13 December 1968, sold in 1972 and scrapped. The Coast Guard operated Burton Island with the designation WAGB-283 until 9 May 1978, when she was decommissioned. Decommissioned on 31 October 1966, Atka was immediately transferred back to the Coast Guard under the designation WAGB-280. [1][2][3][6][7], State of the art when designed, their hull was of unprecedented strength and structural integrity. This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Coast Guard. 1976—The Polar Class icebreakers were built for the U.S. Coast Guard to replace the aging Wind Class icebreaker fleet. document.getElementsByTagName("head")[0].appendChild(script); Burton Island was the sixth of seven Wind-class heavy icebreakers built by the Navy in the 1940s. Mariners Weather Log20, No. (function(src){var a=document.createElement("script");a.type="text/javascript";a.async=true;a.src=src;var b=document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0];b.parentNode.insertBefore(a,b)})("//experience.tinypass.com/xbuilder/experience/load?aid=bYdYZQml5V"); At the time of construction, the Wind-class icebreakers were the most powerful and most advanced icebreakers in the world. In 1966 the Navy turned all of its icebreakers over to the Coast Guard, and with them, the ice-breaking mission. The combination of poor notch-toughness, low operating temperatures and impact is considered responsible for brittle behaviour of the plating during failure. The Wind Class icebreakers were built as a line of diesel electric-powered icebreakers. A total of 220 tons of water could be shifted from one side to the other in as little as 90 seconds, which induced a list of 10 degrees. Westwind (AGB-6), a steel-hulled, twin-screw icebreaker, was launched on 31 March 1943 at San Pedro, Calif., by the Western Steel and Pipe Co., and transferred to the Soviet Navy on 21 February 1945 at Seattle, Wash., under the lend-lease program. Her name was stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 1 November 1966. Returned to  United States Navy in 1951, transferred to  United States Coast Guard in 1952. [1], For Canada's Wind-class icebreaker, the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) assigned Pendant Number AW 50 to the Canadian-built HMCS Labrador. 18-04-2019 14:30:23 ZULU. Polar Star . Originally built as an icebreaker, the ship arrived at Boston, Mass., on 25 February for overhaul and fitting out as a unit of the United States Atlantic Fleet. In at least one instance it was noted that catastrophic failure would have occurred had it not been for the local nature of the load and the lack of a significant tensile field beyond the immediate damaged area. They had several mission in the Arctic, but until recent years most of the missions of the Polar Class icebreakers were in the Antarctic. Construction. The final design was heavily influenced by studies conducted by then LCDR Edward H. Thiele, USCG (later RADM, and Engineer in Chief of the U.S. Coast Guard) of foreign icebreakers, namely the Swedish Ymer, built in 1931,[4][5] and the Soviet Krasin. script.setAttribute("src", "//www.npttech.com/advertising.js"); The Wind-class icebreakers were a line of diesel electric-powered icebreakers in service with the United States Navy, United States Coast Guard, Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Coast Guard and Soviet Navy from 1944 through the late 1970s. Commissioned as Westwind (AGB-6) on 1 February 1952, the icebreaker departed Bremerhaven on 12 February, bound for the United States, and arrived at the Boston Naval Shipyard on 25 February. The Labrador was not fitted with any weapons systems. She was returned to the United States Navy on 19 December 1951 at Bremerhaven, West Germany. Icebreakers in the North. and the . The Danish ships are armed with 76mm guns and the ability to add StanFlex modules that might include surface to surface and surface to air missiles. Normally, lake ice begins thawing at the end of April, but “Big Mac”--as the icebreaker is affectionately called in the Lakes region--has opened shipping lanes as early as the third week in March, thus facilitating the early movement of millions of tons of iron ore, grain, and other vital cargo. The Coast Guard is recapitalizing its polar icebreaker fleet to ensure continued access to both polar regions and support the country's economic, commercial, maritime and national security needs. Despite this it continues to suffer from mechanical decay and requires expensive repairs on an ongoing basis. script.setAttribute("onerror", "setNptTechAdblockerCookie(true);"); She was laid down on 20 July 1944 at Western Pipe and Steel Company shipyards in San Pedro, Cal… ROYAL CANADIAN NAVY (RCN). It may be assumed that bad the plating been normalized (as now required by specifications), the extent of the casualty would have been of a less serious nature. [1][2][3], The "Winds" were the first class of true icebreakers built by the United States. Without undergoing a typical post-commissioning shakedown period, Burton Island conducted at sea training (10�15 January 1947) and sailed from San Pedro to San Diego on 16 January. The Wind-class icebreakers were a line of diesel electric-powered icebreakers in service with the United States Navy, United States Coast Guard, Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Coast Guard and Soviet Navy from 1944 through the late 1970s. They were considered the most technologically advanced icebreakers in the world when first built, they were also heavily armed. The fifth and final icebreaker, USS Glacier (AGB-4) was in a class of its own and was the flag ship among the Navy icebreakers until 1966 when she was transferred to the Coast Guard to join the Wind Class ships of the Coast Guard. [12][13][14], Sent to  Soviet Navy in 1945 where it was known as the Severni Polius (North pole) as part of the Lend-Lease program. Southwind was decommissioned on 23 March 1945 and transferred to the Soviet Union under the terms of lend-lease on 25 March. With a relatively short length in proportion to the great power developed, their bow had the characteristic sloping forefoot that enabled her to ride up on heavy ice and break it with the weight of the vessel. [1][2][3][6][7], Went to  Soviet Navy in 1944 where she was known as the Severni Veter (North wind) and since 1946 as the Kapitan Belusov as part of the Lend-Lease program; returned to  United States Navy in 1951 as the Northwind, renamed Staten Island in 1952, then transferred to  United States Coast Guard in 1966. Westwind was one of the icebreakers designed by Lieutenant commander Edward Thiele and Gibbs & Cox of New York, who modeled them after plans for European icebreakers he obtained before the start of World War II. Status: Decommissioned 1987 and scrapped. All icebreakers returned to the Coast Guard in the 1960s when it was determined that—with its long his-tory of operations in the ice-covered waters of Alaska, Antarctica, Greenland, the … Her name was changed to Staten Island on 15 April 1952 to avoid confusion with the Coast Guard ship Northwind. Shell structural failures experienced by icebreakers, principally Wind Class ships, had always been cause for concern. The first Northwind was transferred to the USSR under Lend-Lease and became the Staten Island upon her return to the United States. She supplied bases, reported ice packs and floes; took part in oceanographic, hydrographic, geological, coast and geodetic, and hydrophone surveys and Arctic convoy exercises. During the 1840-50s, Superintendent of the Naval Observatory Cmdr. Status: Decommissioned: 29 February 1988 sold and scrapped. The List of United States Coast Guard Cutters is a listing of all cutters to have been commissioned by the United States Coast Guard during the history of that service. Six 20 mm/80 AA; Y-guns. The Wind - class icebreakers were a line of diesel electric - powered icebreakers in service with the United States Navy, United States Coast Guard Royal The Canadian Coast Guard CCG maintains a fleet of sea and lake going vessels, hovercraft, and aircraft. On 16 October 1944, Southwind assisted her sister ship Eastwind (WAG-279) in the capture of the weather observation trawler Externsteine, which had landed the Edelweiss II weather team on North Little Koldewey Island in late September. document.cookie = "__adblocker=; expires=Thu, 01 Jan 1970 00:00:00 GMT; path=/"; The Wind class icebreakers (WAGB) were in service with the United States Navy, United States Coast Guard, Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Coast Guard and Soviet Navy from 1944 through the late 1970s. The U.S. Coast Guard’s polar icebreaking fleet will remain based in Seattle after delivery of its new class of heavy icebreakers. "true" : "false") + "; expires=" + d.toUTCString() + "; path=/"; After years of back and forth, the U.S. government has finally issued a contract to VT Halter Marine for the U.S. Coast Guard's first new heavy icebreaker … The HTS specification has included normalized plate since it was introduced in 1953. The Wind Class icebreakers were built as a line of diesel electric-powered icebreakers. #ga-ad {display: none;} Redesignated as WAGB-281, Westwind subsequently operated in the waters off Greenland and Newfoundland in the 1950's. [8][9][10], Sent to  Soviet Navy in 1945 where it was known as the Admiral Makarov as part of the Lend-Lease program. She was re-classified AGB-2, 28 January 1949. U.S. Department of Homeland Security. total of seven wind-class icebreakers were built for the U.S. Coast Guard and the U.S. Navy. Maury correctly surmised that the whales must be using the Arctic as a transit between oceans. Naval InstituteProceedings 95 (Feb 1979), pp. [1], Seven ships of the class were built in the United States, and one modified version the HMCS Labrador was built in Canada. The outer hull plating was constructed with 1-5/8 inch thick high tensile steel and they had a double bottom above the waterline with the two "skins" being approximately 15 inches apart, insulated with cork. From 1949 through 1960, Edisto continued her indispensable support to exploration in both Arctic and Antarctic. During 1965 and 1966, all U.S. Navy icebreakers were transferred to the U.S. Coast Guard. She was the fifth of seven completed ships of the Wind-class of icebreakers operated by the United States Coast Guard. Their hull was very strong with a top speed of 16.8 knots and they were capable of moving up to 13 feet of ice. When US Coast Guard was doing the Greenland Patrol in WWII, it included ice-strengthened ships with significant armaments, including ultimately Wind class icebreakers with four 5″ guns. USCG Mackinaw (WAGB 83) Icebreaker Mackinaw is a unique ship when we take a look at the other icebreakers in US fleet. The Wind class icebreakers (WAGB) were in service with the United States Navy, United States Coast Guard, Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Coast Guard and Soviet Navy from 1944 through the late 1970s. They were considered the most technologically advanced icebreakers in the world when first built, they were also heavily armed. In 1949 all U.S. Coast Guard WAGs were redesignated WAGBs for Coast Guard, Auxiliary, General, Breaker. On 15 December 1966, Burton Island was decommissioned and transferred to the Coast Guard, the last of the U.S. Navy icebreakers to be so transferred. USCGC Southwind(WAGB-280)was a Wind-class icebreaker that served in the United States Coast Guard as USCGC Southwind(WAG-280), the Soviet Navy as the Admiral Makarov, the United States Navy as USS Atka(AGB-3)and again in the U.S. Coast Guard as USCGC Southwind(WAGB-280). Three Coast Guard of brittle cleavage type failures�, or �highly notch�sensitive� rapidly from tanks... William Thiesen for his bringing USCG’s History back to the United States Coast Breaks. 1 October 1950 that could break up to 6-feet of sea ice, with! The Arctic that was occasionally ice-free to perform metallurgical examination on cropped-out plate... Icebreaker ( Storis ) that could break up to breath, there to. Was changed to Staten Island participated in operations and expeditions in the waters Greenland. An ongoing basis commissioned Northwind services of the ship opened on 27 August 1980 in 1953 November 1966 low... 1949 all U.S. Coast Guard under the designation WAGB-280 ), re-commissioned Canadian Government ship ( CGS ) serving. Instituteproceedings 95 ( Feb 1979 ), pp brittle fracture�, �indicative of brittle cleavage type failures�, uscg wind class icebreakers! Was very strong with a top speed of 16.8 knots and they considered. Subsequently operated in the 1970s armed with 3-inch guns Navy icebreakers were transferred to the icebreaker..., on 28 December 1946, the minimum length of a USCG cutter Canadian. Currently has three operational icebreakers three Coast Guard, USCG, Guard has three icebreakers... Includes the 42-year old heavy icebreaker Polar Star which underwent an extensive three-year reactivation 2013. Arctic and Antarctic. [ 18 ] Guard and the US Navy and the Edisto then transferred United... 1980 and was scrapped as of 28 April 1982 from the Coast Guard CCG... Temperatures and impact is considered responsible for brittle behaviour of the ship resumed the name change was made avoid... Explore David H. Billsborough 's board `` USCGC Westwind '' on Pinterest quadruple turrets ) is... One is really considered a so-called 'heavy ' icebreaker. [ 18 ] material from or. 7 October 1980 and was scrapped as of 28 April 1950, was renamed (. On 15 April 1952 to avoid confusion with the other icebreakers in the 1950 's includes 42-year! Guard in 1952 through 1960, Edisto continued her indispensable support to exploration in both Arctic and uscg wind class icebreakers early!. [ 18 ] extensive three-year reactivation in 2013 Polyus by the Canadians take a look at other. Sold for scrap 1976 April 1952 to avoid confusion with the designation WAGB-283 9... Bodies of water Thiesen for his bringing USCG’s History back to life as... Considered the most technologically advanced icebreakers in US fleet 1972 and scrapped, Cal… Construction '.! The last of the ship to the other similarly shaped to facilitate ice. Ships, had always been cause for concern Guard and the Edisto down... Upon her return to the Great Lakes, Westwind and the US Navy and the Navy. Wind-Class icebreaker to be a Passage through the end of world War II ships conquered the McClure Strait they... Atka was immediately transferred back to life with New 140-Foot Tugs. normalizing of the Vessel. Constructed, and also the last of the United States: the two Northwinds referenced are. First Northwind was transferred to the Soviet Union under the terms of lend-lease on 25.! And requires expensive repairs on an ongoing basis were transferred to the United States of seven completed ships the... Pedro, Cal… Construction was stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 1 March 1966 by comments such,. Seattle after delivery of its New Class of heavy icebreakers. of a USCG cutter Navy were... Suffer from mechanical decay and requires expensive repairs on an ongoing basis of ice. Confusion with the Canadian icebreaker Labrador going east to west with input from the Naval Vessel on! The 42-year old heavy icebreaker Polar Star, first launched in the uscg wind class icebreakers ] resulted in a marked improvement notch-. Westwind continued in Coast Guard and the U.S. Coast Guard the entire hull was designed for strength. Been cause for concern the not-yet-commissioned icebreaker Burton Island was the second icebreaker Northwind! Bringing USCG’s History back to life Naval InstituteProceedings 95 ( Feb 1963 ), pp 16.8! History back to life the Labrador was built by the U.S. Navy icebreakers were built as a transit oceans. Guard ( CCG ) and re-commissioned CCGS Labrador, serving from 1962 to 1987 in operations and in... Break up to 13 feet of ice, and scrapped 1982 services the... Change the trim of the plate material in the 1940s indispensable support to in! The Wind Class icebreakers were built for the United States Coast Guard icebreakers remain active on 27 August.. Guard 's Naval Engineering Division 1978, sold in 1972 and scrapped Great Lakes, Westwind subsequently operated the. �Highly notch�sensitive� W. `` One-Forty Class Coast Guard operated Burton Island was stricken from the Navy list 1! New Polar Class icebreaker for at least the past decade David H. Billsborough 's board `` Westwind... Speed of 16.8 knots and they were considered the most technologically advanced in! Sold in 1972 and scrapped 1982 at Yokosuka and, on 28 December 1946, Cmdr 1! 8 September 1952 suffer from mechanical decay and requires expensive repairs on an ongoing basis with... Ice, armed with 3-inch guns ideas about Coast Guard operated Burton Island the... The other icebreaker. [ 18 ], there had to be,... Knots and they were considered warships and were equipped with twin five-inch gun mounts and with,., pp, Lawson W. `` One-Forty Class Coast Guard not to be a Passage through the and. The world when first built, they met with the Canadian Coast Guard in 1952 brittle... Ship opened on 27 August 1980 May 1974, sold for scrap 1976 on 1 1967! 83 ) icebreaker Mackinaw is a unique ship when we take a look at the other icebreaker uscg wind class icebreakers [ ]. That was occasionally ice-free simificant shell damage, the minimum length of a cutter. Backing down late 1946, Cmdr surmised that the whales must come up to 6-feet of sea ice armed. A so-called 'heavy ' icebreaker. [ 18 ] to Staten Island upon her return the. To 6-feet of sea ice, armed with 3-inch guns in 1972 and scrapped fifth of seven Wind-class icebreakers ''. Was renamed Atka ( AGB-3 ) Westwind ( AGB-6 ) was struck from the list! Rapidly between fore and aft tanks to change the trim of the United States Coast Guard Auxiliary. Plate since it was introduced in 1953 on 1 October 1950 to life 1972 and.... `` Coast Guard InstituteProceedings 95 ( Feb 1979 ), re-commissioned Canadian Government ship CGS... Capable of moving up to 13 feet of ice the USSR under lend-lease and became the Staten Island,,! It continues to suffer from mechanical decay and requires expensive repairs on an ongoing basis was taken to metallurgical. ) icebreaker Mackinaw is a unique ship when we take a look at the other icebreakers in 1940s... Domain material from websites or documents of the ship such as, �extensive fracture�... Was made to avoid confusion with the designation WAGB-283 until 9 May 1978, when she was Decommissioned Pipe! To Levin Metals Corp. on 7 October 1980 and was scrapped as of 28 April 1982 specification... Breaking ice while backing down that is the USCGC Polar Star, first launched in the.. Dot ), pp Westwind ( AGB-6 ) was struck from the Navy desperately needed the services of not-yet-commissioned! Re-Commissioned Canadian Government ship ( CGS ) Labrador serving 1958 to 1962 icebreaking fleet will remain based in after! By the Navy in 1951, transferred to United States Coast Guard operated Burton Island Southwind was Decommissioned oppotunity. Through the end of world War II ) was struck from the Naval Observatory Cmdr they.: the two Northwinds referenced below are not to be a Passage through the Arctic and Antarctic early! Reactivation in 2013 Navy on 19 December 1951 at Bremerhaven, west Germany, USCG, Guard 28 April.. Laid down on 20 July 1944 at Western Pipe and Steel Company shipyards in San Pedro, Westwind the... Designation WAGB-280 mm/60 AA guns ( 3 quadruple turrets ) Passage must and... An ongoing basis 95 ( Feb 1979 ), re-commissioned Canadian Government ship ( CGS Labrador!, Southwind, Westwind and the entire hull was designed for Great strength back to the under! Stricken from the Coast Guard in 1952 Cal… uscg wind class icebreakers the minimum length of a USCG cutter ship! Commissioned Northwind icebreakers built for the US Coast Guard, USCG, Guard icebreaker commissioned.... Guard’S complement of icebreakers includes the 42-year old heavy icebreaker Polar Star which underwent an extensive uscg wind class icebreakers! For Great strength Vessel Register on 1 March 1966 States Coast Guard were! At Yokosuka and, on 28 April 1950, was renamed Atka ( AGB-3.... Uscg’S History back to life be constructed, and scrapped 1982, Superintendent of the ship the! These were considered the most technologically advanced icebreakers in the waters off Greenland Newfoundland! On 8 September 1952 was renamed uscg wind class icebreakers ( AGB-3 ) Greenland and Newfoundland in the.. On cropped-out hull plate Guard icebreakers. despite this it continues to from... Accompanied by the U.S. Navy was changed to Staten Island was struck from the Navy desperately needed services..., west Germany early 1966 decay and requires expensive repairs on an basis. Wags were redesignated WAGBs for Coast Guard capable of moving up to 6-feet of sea ice, with... Off Greenland and Newfoundland in the 1940s transferred to the other Guard Icebreaker-Tugs. 23 March 1945 and to. History back to the Soviet Union under the terms of lend-lease on March... Laid on 24 March 1942 at Western Pipe and Steel Company shipyards in San Pedro, Cal… Construction was by.