[18] The ships' machinery[d] was rated at 25,000 shaft horsepower (19,000 kW) giving a speed of 25.5 knots (47.2 km/h; 29.3 mph). As the preceding County class cruisers had virtually no armour, protection was added into the design and included a 3-inch-thick (76 mm), 8-foot-deep (2 m) main belt and an … Sold for scrap 8 November 1921. The Town-class light cruiser (also referred to as the Southampton-class) is a class of several light cruisers in service in the Australian, Polish and Royal Navies from the 1930s and 1940s. This cannon is mounted in three twin mounts in various positions across the ship (one front and one on either side of the superstructure), proving good all round firing arc… Ships of the class also took part in the Battle of Dogger Bank in 1915. In 1915, HMS Glasgow found SMS Dresden which had escaped from the engagement at the Falkland Islands the previous year, in which Glasgow had helped in sinking SMS Leipzig. [10] This armament was considered rather too light for ships of this size,[11] while the waist guns were subject to immersion in a high sea, making them difficult to work. Displacement was 5,250 long tons (5,330 t) normal and 5,800 long tons (5,900 t) full load. In the mid-1930s, the Arethusa-class cruiser was the Royal Navy's latest light cruiser design, with the intention that it number six vessels. They had no secondary armament but did have AA weaponry that consisted of four 3 pounder guns. This was shorter and lighter than the Mk XI guns used in earlier ships, and while range was slightly less (14,000 yards (13,000 m) compared to 14,600 yards (13,400 m)[4]), they were much easier to handle in rough weather and were more accurate. The lighter shell was easier to handle, and gave a greater rate of fire. The Bristol class[a] were all ordered under the 1908–09 Programme and commissioned in late 1910. [19], In 1912, work began on a new cruiser for trade protection duties in response to rumours of large German cruisers that were thought to being built for commerce raiding. [3] They were 453 feet (138.1 m) long overall, with a beam of 47 feet (14.3 m) and a draught of 15 feet 6 inches (4.7 m). The Colony class cruisers however like the following Minotaurs, essentially fit the same armament on a 1,000 ton less displacement and the Colony class and the follow on Swiftsure were very tight designs, built largely in war emergency conditions with little marg… The ships of the class saw more service than mentioned above, including action against German merchant ships. Ships of the class saw action at the Battles of Coronel, the Battle of the Falkland Islands and the Battle of Heligoland Bight in 1914. [15][12] In 1918, Weymouth also received a similar installation. This, however, resulted in the ships rolling badly, making them poor gun platforms. It covered from 8.25–10.5 feet (2.51–3.20 m) above the waterline to 2.5 feet (0.76 m) below it. Deck armour was reduced in order to allow the introduction of belt armour, and they had eight 6 in guns in single mountings with shields. The Weymouth class were ordered under the 1910 Programme and commissioned between 1911-12. In 1916, ships of the class also saw action at the Battle of Jutland, the largest surface engagement of World War I. The secondary armament consists of a small amount of the best dual-purpose guns currently fitted to a ship, the 3 inch/70 Mark 6cannon. Dresden was eventually scuttled by her own crew after a short engagement. Adelaide saw an extensive refit between 1938-1939. It's built-in Trek's mountain bike heritage and totally capable of taking on the trails. This belt was part of the load bearing structure of the ship, reducing the overall weight of structure required. [14][10], The class saw a number of alterations during the war, including the addition of a single 3 in (76 mm) AA gun in 1915, while the surviving ships were fitted with director control equipment for the ships' guns on a new tripod foremast. While the earlier ships were protected cruisers, depending on an armoured deck deep within the ship to protect machinery and magazines, the Chathams relied on a vertical belt of armour. Like their US and Japanese counterparts of that era, the Town-class cruisers were "light cruisers" in the strict terms of the Treaty. All ships, except Adelaide, were scrapped by the 1930s. four QF 3 pounder guns 40. Twelve Yarrow three-drum boilers fed steam turbines rated at 22,000 shaft horsepower(16,000 kW), giving a spe… Gardiner and Gray. Ships of the class also took part in the Battle of Dogger Bank (1915). Three ships were built to the same design for the new Royal Australian Navy. She was subject to further armament revisions during the Second World War, with more 6- and 4-inch guns removed to accommodate depth charge throwers, and radar being fitted. One weakness of the gun was the gun shields which didn't reach the deck leaving the gun crews vulnerable to splinters. The class also had aircraft fitted during the war. 5. In 1915, a single 3-inch anti-aircraft gun was added. They differed from the Bristols in only a few aspects. Two BL 6-inch (152 mm) Mk XI guns (50 calibre) If a beginner player has a hard time remembering vehicles by name, a picture will help them identify the ship in question. Their secondary armament was more potent, with ten 4 inch (102 mm) guns in single mountings. Birmingham, Weymouth, Chatham subclasses : Displacement was between 5,185 long tons (5,268 t) and 5,235 long tons (5,319 t) normal, and between 5,795 long tons (5,888 t) and 5,845 long tons (5,939 t) deep load. The Bristol class were all ordered under the 1909 Programme and commissioned in late 1910. [27] The ships' main armament was ten QF 5.5 in (140 mm) Mark I guns (50 calibres long) to a new design by Coventry Ordnance Works. Eight to nine BL 6- inch (Mk XI (50 calibre) guns or Mk XII (45 calibre) guns Sold for breaking up to Australian Iron and Steel Co., This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 04:40. [3] Speed during sea trials varied between 25.856 knots (47.885 km/h; 29.755 mph) (Glasgow) and 27.012 knots (50.026 km/h; 31.085 mph) (Bristol). The B-65 type Battlecruiser, Large Cruiser or Super Type A cruiser (Note in IJN the Type A designation used for the Heavy Cruisers, B for the Light Cruisers and C for the Squadron Leader Cruisers) was designed to lead and defend the Japanese cruiser squadrons in Night Battle engagements from the USN fleet especially the Alaska class Battlecruisers / Large Cruisers which … [12] Machinery layout was again similar to the earlier Towns, with one ship, Southampton, having a two-shaft layout. [14], The Chatham class[c] of six ships, three for the Royal Navy and three for Australia (of which one was to be built in Australia) were ordered under the 1910–1911 Programme. The conning tower was protected by 6 inches (150 mm) of armour, with the gun shields having 3 inches (76 mm) armour, as did the ammunition hoists. Transferred to the New Zealand Navy 11 September 1920, but returned to Royal Navy 1924. The London Treaty defined a "light cruiser" as one having a main armament no greater than 6.1 in (155 mm) calibre, all three major naval powers sought to circumvent the limitations on heavy cruiser numbers by building "light cruisers" that were equal in size and effective power to heavy cruisers. Torpedoed three times by German submarine. They were modified versions of the previous sub-class. All ships, except Adelaide, were scrapped by the 1930s. [22], In 1915, as a response to German commerce raiding in the early months of the war, the British Admiralty decided to build a new class of large, fast and heavily armed cruisers for trade protection work. [31], The class saw much service in the First World War and many of the ships left their mark on history. British naval ship classes of the First World War, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, BL 6-inch (152 mm) Mk XI guns (50 calibre), BL 5.5 inch (140 mm) Mk I (50 calibre) guns, Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, List of major warship classes of the Royal Australian Navy, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Town-class_cruiser_(1910)?oldid=4546634, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls. While in theory, three guns could fire forwards in the previous arrangement (the forward centreline gun and the forward two waist guns), in practice the effects of blast from the waist guns on the bridge and conning tower prevented this. [8], After the war, they were offered for sale back to the Greeks, but this offer was not taken up. The new design became known as the "Improved Birmingham" class or Hawkins class, with five being built, completing between 1918 and 1925. The 12-pounder 76 mm (3.0 in) anti-aircraft guns were unavailable, however, and Vickers 3-pounder guns were fitted in their place. [e] The light cruisers, which were both to be built by Cammell Laird, and to be named Antinavarchos Kountouriotis and Lambros Katsonis, were based on the design of the Chatham and Birmingham classes, but with a revised armament to be supplied by the Coventry Ordnance Works. The new Mk.XXIII triple turret is easily distinguishable from the earlier Mk.XXII used on the previous Town class cruisers by the flattened edge between the turret roof and face, as opposed to a curved edge. [23][24], In early 1914, the Greek Navy, in response to Turkish naval expansion, placed an order with the Coventry Syndicate, a consortium of the shipbuilders Cammell Laird, Fairfields, John Brown and the armament company Coventry Ordnance Works, for two light cruisers and four destroyers. [8][9], It was originally intended that the Bristol class would be fitted with a main gun armament of unshielded 4-inch (102 mm) guns, but the need to counter German light cruisers (such as the Königsberg class), which were armed with ten 105-millimetre (4.1 in) guns that outranged British 4-inch guns, resulted in the new class's armament being revised. Twelve Yarrow three-drum boilers fed steam turbines rated at 22,000 shaft horsepower (16,000 kW), giving a speed of 25 knots (46 km/h; 29 mph). Ships of the class saw action at the Battle of the Falkland Islands and the Battle of Heligoland Bight in 1914. Displacement was 5,400 long tons (5,500 t) normal and 6,000 long tons (6,100 t) full load. However, Adelaide was obsolete when World War II began, and she saw limited service, performing patrol and escort duties in the Pacific and Indian Oceans. [2] The major difference between the Chathams and the earlier Towns was a revised armour scheme. She was broken up in 1949. Schedule a repair or come in for a bike fitting. Their main armament was relatively light, with j… They had a rather low freeboard which was rectified in the subsequent Weymouth-class. [16], While main armament again consisted of eight 6 in guns in single mountings, a new gun, the BL 6 inch Mk XII was used. ten BL 4-inch (101.6 mm) Mk VII guns Greece also ordered battleships from Germany and France. Their AA armament was further increased during the First World War, with the addition of four 3 in guns. She was decommissioned in 1945, but recommissioned to become a tender at Sydney. Based on the initial design chosen in November 1933, the estim… The conversion was carried out shortly after her half-sister HMS Sheffield received an even more in-depth upgrade, emerging in late 1965 as flagship of the Second Cruiser Squadron. The Bristol class were all ordered under the 1909 Programme and commissioned in late 1910. HMS Edinburgh was a Town-class light cruiser of the Royal Navy, which served during the Second World War.She was one of the last two Town class cruisers, which formed the Edinburgh sub-class.Edinburgh saw a great deal of combat service during the Second World War, especially in the North Sea and the Arctic Sea, where she was sunk by torpedoes in 1942. The Chatham class light cruisers were a distinct improvement over the previous Weymouth class of ships. Three ships were ordered for the Royal Navy, commissioning in 1914. USS Newport News (Des Moines class) alongside USS Boston (Baltimore class). The ships' forecastle had increased flare to reduce spray. Why you'll love it Their AA armament was exactly the same as the previous sub-classes. These vessels were long-range cruisers, suitable for patrolling the vast expanse covered by the British Empire. [17] Officer's accommodation was moved back to the rear of the ships in this class. Exact Fit Guaranteed. The Bristol class were all ordered under the 1908–09 Programme and commissioned in late 1910. [28][29] It was planned to fit the ships with two 12-pounder 76 mm (3.0 in) (76 mm) anti-aircraft guns, while two 21-inch torpedo tubes were fitted. It has the exact same armour as Belfst, but very different secondary armament, being equipped with 6 twin 4", 2x octuple pom-poms a plethora of .50cals and torpdeo tubes. [14] In 1917, Yarmouth was the first light cruiser to be able to operate aircraft, being fitted with a ramp above the conning tower and forecastle gun to allow a Sopwith Pup to be launched from the ship, although the aircraft could not land back on it so the pilot would have to ditch into the sea if it was not possible to reach land. [7], They had a crew of 480 officers and men,[3] with the officers accommodated in the forward part of the ship, rather than aft as per tradition, following the instructions of Admiral Fisher to improve fighting efficiency. The solution was to mount two guns side-by side on the forecastle, forward of the bridge, giving a total armament of nine BL 6 inch Mk XII guns. But it's an efficient daily rider, too. Machinery was similar to the Bristol class, with again a single example (Yarmouth) having the Brown-Curtis turbines and two-shaft arrangement used in Bristol, while the remaining three ships had the four-shaft, Yarrow turbine machinery. The First World War caused the construction of Adelaide, which was reliant on materials and parts from the United Kingdom, to be heavily delayed, with Adelaide not completing until 1922. Visit our Summit Bicycles shop in Burlingame, CA and find a great selection of bikes, apparel, parts, accessories, and more. The cruisers of the Town class, launched between 1936 and 1938, were the British equivalent to the Japanese cruisers of the Mogami class. [5] The ships used both coal and oil for fuel, with 1353 tons of coal and 260 tons of oil carried,[6] giving an endurance of about 5,070 nautical miles (9,390 km; 5,830 mi) at 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph). She spent more than two years undergoing extensive repairs … The last group of cruisers to be built in time to commission before the war were 8 Southampton class ships, of which the first two, originally named Minotaur and Polyphemus, were included within the 91,000-ton restriction imposed by the London Naval Treaty of 1930. A thin armoured deck, 3⁄8 inch (9.5 mm) over most of its length and 1 1⁄2 inches (38 mm) over the steering gear, was retained, mainly as a watertight deck. Thanks to super-soft cruiser saddles, heaps of room for both riders, sloped top tubes for quick, safe dismounts and an upright riding position, this aluminum tandem boasts comfort and convenience. Over by the 1930s the London naval Treaty of 1930 saw an refit! 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