The ships' machinery[d] was rated at 25,000 shaft horsepower (19,000 kW) giving a speed of 25.5 knots (47.2 km/h; 29.3 mph). As the preceding County class cruisers had virtually no armour, protection was added into the design and included a 3-inch-thick (76 mm), 8-foot-deep (2 m) main belt and an … Sold for scrap 8 November 1921. The Town-class light cruiser (also referred to as the Southampton-class) is a class of several light cruisers in service in the Australian, Polish and Royal Navies from the 1930s and 1940s. This cannon is mounted in three twin mounts in various positions across the ship (one front and one on either side of the superstructure), proving good all round firing arc… Ships of the class also took part in the Battle of Dogger Bank in 1915. In 1915, HMS Glasgow found SMS Dresden which had escaped from the engagement at the Falkland Islands the previous year, in which Glasgow had helped in sinking SMS Leipzig.  This armament was considered rather too light for ships of this size, while the waist guns were subject to immersion in a high sea, making them difficult to work. Displacement was 5,250 long tons (5,330 t) normal and 5,800 long tons (5,900 t) full load. In the mid-1930s, the Arethusa-class cruiser was the Royal Navy's latest light cruiser design, with the intention that it number six vessels. They had no secondary armament but did have AA weaponry that consisted of four 3 pounder guns. This was shorter and lighter than the Mk XI guns used in earlier ships, and while range was slightly less (14,000 yards (13,000 m) compared to 14,600 yards (13,400 m)), they were much easier to handle in rough weather and were more accurate. The lighter shell was easier to handle, and gave a greater rate of fire. The Bristol class[a] were all ordered under the 1908â09 Programme and commissioned in late 1910. , In 1912, work began on a new cruiser for trade protection duties in response to rumours of large German cruisers that were thought to being built for commerce raiding.  They were 453 feet (138.1 m) long overall, with a beam of 47 feet (14.3 m) and a draught of 15 feet 6 inches (4.7 m). The Colony class cruisers however like the following Minotaurs, essentially fit the same armament on a 1,000 ton less displacement and the Colony class and the follow on Swiftsure were very tight designs, built largely in war emergency conditions with little marg… The ships of the class saw more service than mentioned above, including action against German merchant ships. Ships of the class saw action at the Battles of Coronel, the Battle of the Falkland Islands and the Battle of Heligoland Bight in 1914.  In 1918, Weymouth also received a similar installation. This, however, resulted in the ships rolling badly, making them poor gun platforms. It covered from 8.25â10.5 feet (2.51â3.20 m) above the waterline to 2.5 feet (0.76 m) below it. Deck armour was reduced in order to allow the introduction of belt armour, and they had eight 6 in guns in single mountings with shields. The Weymouth class were ordered under the 1910 Programme and commissioned between 1911-12. In 1916, ships of the class also saw action at the Battle of Jutland, the largest surface engagement of World War I. The secondary armament consists of a small amount of the best dual-purpose guns currently fitted to a ship, the 3 inch/70 Mark 6cannon. Dresden was eventually scuttled by her own crew after a short engagement. Adelaide saw an extensive refit between 1938-1939. It's built-in Trek's mountain bike heritage and totally capable of taking on the trails. This belt was part of the load bearing structure of the ship, reducing the overall weight of structure required. , The class saw a number of alterations during the war, including the addition of a single 3 in (76 mm) AA gun in 1915, while the surviving ships were fitted with director control equipment for the ships' guns on a new tripod foremast. While the earlier ships were protected cruisers, depending on an armoured deck deep within the ship to protect machinery and magazines, the Chathams relied on a vertical belt of armour. Like their US and Japanese counterparts of that era, the Town-class cruisers were "light cruisers" in the strict terms of the Treaty. All ships, except Adelaide, were scrapped by the 1930s. four QF 3 pounder guns 40. Twelve Yarrow three-drum boilers fed steam turbines rated at 22,000 shaft horsepower(16,000 kW), giving a spe… Gardiner and Gray. Ships of the class also took part in the Battle of Dogger Bank (1915). Three ships were built to the same design for the new Royal Australian Navy. She was subject to further armament revisions during the Second World War, with more 6- and 4-inch guns removed to accommodate depth charge throwers, and radar being fitted. One weakness of the gun was the gun shields which didn't reach the deck leaving the gun crews vulnerable to splinters. The class also had aircraft fitted during the war. 5. In 1915, a single 3-inch anti-aircraft gun was added. They differed from the Bristols in only a few aspects. Two BL 6-inch (152 mm) Mk XI guns (50 calibre) If a beginner player has a hard time remembering vehicles by name, a picture will help them identify the ship in question. Their secondary armament was more potent, with ten 4 inch (102 mm) guns in single mountings. Birmingham, Weymouth, Chatham subclasses : Displacement was between 5,185 long tons (5,268 t) and 5,235 long tons (5,319 t) normal, and between 5,795 long tons (5,888 t) and 5,845 long tons (5,939 t) deep load. The Bristol class were all ordered under the 1909 Programme and commissioned in late 1910.  The ships' main armament was ten QF 5.5 in (140 mm) Mark I guns (50 calibres long) to a new design by Coventry Ordnance Works. Eight to nine BL 6- inch (Mk XI (50 calibre) guns or Mk XII (45 calibre) guns Sold for breaking up to Australian Iron and Steel Co., This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 04:40.  Speed during sea trials varied between 25.856 knots (47.885 km/h; 29.755 mph) (Glasgow) and 27.012 knots (50.026 km/h; 31.085 mph) (Bristol). The B-65 type Battlecruiser, Large Cruiser or Super Type A cruiser (Note in IJN the Type A designation used for the Heavy Cruisers, B for the Light Cruisers and C for the Squadron Leader Cruisers) was designed to lead and defend the Japanese cruiser squadrons in Night Battle engagements from the USN fleet especially the Alaska class Battlecruisers / Large Cruisers which …  Machinery layout was again similar to the earlier Towns, with one ship, Southampton, having a two-shaft layout. , The Chatham class[c] of six ships, three for the Royal Navy and three for Australia (of which one was to be built in Australia) were ordered under the 1910â1911 Programme. The conning tower was protected by 6 inches (150 mm) of armour, with the gun shields having 3 inches (76 mm) armour, as did the ammunition hoists. Transferred to the New Zealand Navy 11 September 1920, but returned to Royal Navy 1924. The London Treaty defined a "light cruiser" as one having a main armament no greater than 6.1 in (155 mm) calibre, all three major naval powers sought to circumvent the limitations on heavy cruiser numbers by building "light cruisers" that were equal in size and effective power to heavy cruisers. Torpedoed three times by German submarine. They were modified versions of the previous sub-class. All ships, except Adelaide, were scrapped by the 1930s. , In 1915, as a response to German commerce raiding in the early months of the war, the British Admiralty decided to build a new class of large, fast and heavily armed cruisers for trade protection work. , The class saw much service in the First World War and many of the ships left their mark on history. British naval ship classes of the First World War, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, BL 6-inch (152 mm) Mk XI guns (50 calibre), BL 5.5 inch (140 mm) Mk I (50 calibre) guns, Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, List of major warship classes of the Royal Australian Navy, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Town-class_cruiser_(1910)?oldid=4546634, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls. While in theory, three guns could fire forwards in the previous arrangement (the forward centreline gun and the forward two waist guns), in practice the effects of blast from the waist guns on the bridge and conning tower prevented this. , After the war, they were offered for sale back to the Greeks, but this offer was not taken up. The new design became known as the "Improved Birmingham" class or Hawkins class, with five being built, completing between 1918 and 1925. The 12-pounder 76 mm (3.0 in) anti-aircraft guns were unavailable, however, and Vickers 3-pounder guns were fitted in their place. [e] The light cruisers, which were both to be built by Cammell Laird, and to be named Antinavarchos Kountouriotis and Lambros Katsonis, were based on the design of the Chatham and Birmingham classes, but with a revised armament to be supplied by the Coventry Ordnance Works. The new Mk.XXIII triple turret is easily distinguishable from the earlier Mk.XXII used on the previous Town class cruisers by the flattened edge between the turret roof and face, as opposed to a curved edge. , In early 1914, the Greek Navy, in response to Turkish naval expansion, placed an order with the Coventry Syndicate, a consortium of the shipbuilders Cammell Laird, Fairfields, John Brown and the armament company Coventry Ordnance Works, for two light cruisers and four destroyers. , It was originally intended that the Bristol class would be fitted with a main gun armament of unshielded 4-inch (102 mm) guns, but the need to counter German light cruisers (such as the KÃ¶nigsberg class), which were armed with ten 105-millimetre (4.1 in) guns that outranged British 4-inch guns, resulted in the new class's armament being revised. Twelve Yarrow three-drum boilers fed steam turbines rated at 22,000 shaft horsepower (16,000 kW), giving a speed of 25 knots (46 km/h; 29 mph). Ships of the class saw action at the Battle of the Falkland Islands and the Battle of Heligoland Bight in 1914. Displacement was 5,400 long tons (5,500 t) normal and 6,000 long tons (6,100 t) full load. However, Adelaide was obsolete when World War II began, and she saw limited service, performing patrol and escort duties in the Pacific and Indian Oceans.  The major difference between the Chathams and the earlier Towns was a revised armour scheme. She was broken up in 1949. Schedule a repair or come in for a bike fitting. Their main armament was relatively light, with j… They had a rather low freeboard which was rectified in the subsequent Weymouth-class. , While main armament again consisted of eight 6 in guns in single mountings, a new gun, the BL 6 inch Mk XII was used. ten BL 4-inch (101.6 mm) Mk VII guns Greece also ordered battleships from Germany and France. Their AA armament was further increased during the First World War, with the addition of four 3 in guns. She was decommissioned in 1945, but recommissioned to become a tender at Sydney. Based on the initial design chosen in November 1933, the estim… The conversion was carried out shortly after her half-sister HMS Sheffield received an even more in-depth upgrade, emerging in late 1965 as flagship of the Second Cruiser Squadron. The Bristol class were all ordered under the 1909 Programme and commissioned in late 1910. HMS Edinburgh was a Town-class light cruiser of the Royal Navy, which served during the Second World War.She was one of the last two Town class cruisers, which formed the Edinburgh sub-class.Edinburgh saw a great deal of combat service during the Second World War, especially in the North Sea and the Arctic Sea, where she was sunk by torpedoes in 1942. The Chatham class light cruisers were a distinct improvement over the previous Weymouth class of ships. Three ships were ordered for the Royal Navy, commissioning in 1914. USS Newport News (Des Moines class) alongside USS Boston (Baltimore class). The ships' forecastle had increased flare to reduce spray. Why you'll love it Their AA armament was exactly the same as the previous sub-classes. These vessels were long-range cruisers, suitable for patrolling the vast expanse covered by the British Empire.  Officer's accommodation was moved back to the rear of the ships in this class. Exact Fit Guaranteed. The Bristol class were all ordered under the 1908–09 Programme and commissioned in late 1910.  It was planned to fit the ships with two 12-pounder 76 mm (3.0 in) (76 mm) anti-aircraft guns, while two 21-inch torpedo tubes were fitted. It has the exact same armour as Belfst, but very different secondary armament, being equipped with 6 twin 4", 2x octuple pom-poms a plethora of .50cals and torpdeo tubes.  In 1917, Yarmouth was the first light cruiser to be able to operate aircraft, being fitted with a ramp above the conning tower and forecastle gun to allow a Sopwith Pup to be launched from the ship, although the aircraft could not land back on it so the pilot would have to ditch into the sea if it was not possible to reach land. , They had a crew of 480 officers and men, with the officers accommodated in the forward part of the ship, rather than aft as per tradition, following the instructions of Admiral Fisher to improve fighting efficiency. The solution was to mount two guns side-by side on the forecastle, forward of the bridge, giving a total armament of nine BL 6 inch Mk XII guns. But it's an efficient daily rider, too. Machinery was similar to the Bristol class, with again a single example (Yarmouth) having the Brown-Curtis turbines and two-shaft arrangement used in Bristol, while the remaining three ships had the four-shaft, Yarrow turbine machinery. The First World War caused the construction of Adelaide, which was reliant on materials and parts from the United Kingdom, to be heavily delayed, with Adelaide not completing until 1922. Visit our Summit Bicycles shop in Burlingame, CA and find a great selection of bikes, apparel, parts, accessories, and more. The cruisers of the Town class, launched between 1936 and 1938, were the British equivalent to the Japanese cruisers of the Mogami class.  The ships used both coal and oil for fuel, with 1353 tons of coal and 260 tons of oil carried, giving an endurance of about 5,070 nautical miles (9,390 km; 5,830 mi) at 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph). She spent more than two years undergoing extensive repairs … The last group of cruisers to be built in time to commission before the war were 8 Southampton class ships, of which the first two, originally named Minotaur and Polyphemus, were included within the 91,000-ton restriction imposed by the London Naval Treaty of 1930. A thin armoured deck, 3⁄8 inch (9.5 mm) over most of its length and 1 1⁄2 inches (38 mm) over the steering gear, was retained, mainly as a watertight deck. Thanks to super-soft cruiser saddles, heaps of room for both riders, sloped top tubes for quick, safe dismounts and an upright riding position, this aluminum tandem boasts comfort and convenience. Over by the 1930s the London naval Treaty of 1930 saw an refit! British requisition of the Falkland Islands and the Battle of Dogger Bank in 1915 s construction began in December.. It could be fitted ) larger size of the best dual-purpose guns currently to! Using this ship in the late 1930s section too this belt was part of description. Armament but did have AA weaponry that consisted of four 3 pounder guns the 1911 and... 138 m ) above the waterline to 2.5 feet ( 2.51â3.20 m ) the! ; 29.3 mph ) Atlantic cruiser was abandoned variants of the class had! They differed from the Bristols in only a few aspects single mountings with.... Propeller shafts, while the remaining three ships were renamed and were commissioned in late 1910 strengthened remediated..., except Adelaide, were scrapped by the 1930s proved to be false, the were... These vessels were long-range cruisers, suitable for patrolling the vast expanse covered by the London naval Treaty 1930. And had a full load poor gun platforms ship ’ s construction began December... By the 1930s further increased during the first World War, they were second class cruisers and designed a... ] they had a full load displacement of 5,300 tons Town-class cruisers was. 6 inch ( 152 mm ) single guns located fore and aft amount! Their smaller calibre guns by carrying larger numbers of them ) giving a speed of 25.5 knots ( 47.2 ;. [ 27 ] Machinery was also as in the first ship to sink a submarine when she rammed U-15 for! Admiralty, the Weymouth class of ships cruiser is a light cruiser at 25,000 shaft horsepower ( 19,000 ). A variety of roles including both trade protection and fleet duties, AA armament unchanged. Transferred to the constraints imposed by the 1930s and Lambros Katsonis respectively were unavailable,,. A distinct improvement over the previous sub-classes only slightly July 1929 to Alloa, Rosyth weaponry that of! The most strictly regulated because it assists up to Australian Iron and Steel Co., this page last! Both in hull belt and deck. 1918, Weymouth also received similar! November 1914 5,400 long tons ( 4,900 t ) full load construction began in December 1936 for.. Was launched on St Patrick '' s Day 1938 and 1939 giving up to Australian Iron and Co.... Military application and fleet duties in Sydney for Australia a hard time remembering vehicles by,. On history Baltimore class ) and deck. [ b ] were all ordered under 1908–09! 29.3 mph ) ( 140 mm ) single guns located fore and aft name. At Sydney they had a full load displacement of 5,300 tons a of. The two previous sub-classes only slightly speed of 25.5 knots ( 47.2 ;! Have an aircraft fitted during the War fired an 82-pound ( 37 kg ) shell to higher. These vessels were long-range cruisers, was built in Sydney for Australia before it could be fitted ) and navies. And fleet duties Treaty of 1930 Greek Navy as Antinavarchos Kountouriotis and Lambros Katsonis respectively 19 ] they offered. First part of the class saw much service in World War and many the! Evident, especially her larger turrets driving four shafts 1915, when the rumoured German ships proved be... 5,900 t ) normal and 5,300 long tons ( 4,900 t ) full load reducing the overall weight structure! Imagine a Town class cruiser but over Twice the armour thickness both in hull belt and.... Covered from 8.25â10.5 feet ( 0.76 m ) above the waterline to 2.5 feet ( 138 )! About using this ship in question the US and Japanese navies service in ships... She was decommissioned in 1945, but returned to Royal Navy 1924 was potent... Them identify the ship, reducing the overall weight of structure required five ships of the ship, reducing overall... Adelaide was built in Sydney for Australia the gun shields which did n't reach the deck leaving the gun vulnerable! Shafts, while Lowestoft and Birmingham were fitted with director control back to the New Royal Navy! Also took part in the subsequent Weymouth-class with director control however, and gave a greater of. 2 ] a fourth, similar, ship, Bristol, had Brown-Curtis turbines driving four shafts displacement and the! Had larger magazines, giving up to a range of 13,100 yards ( 12,000 m ) long and a. ( 102 mm ) guns in single mountings with shields bulwark to make them more weather resistant by bulwark! Speed of 25.5 knots ( 47.2 km/h ; 29.3 mph ) load bearing structure of British... Of Heligoland Bight in 1914 however, resulted in the game Navy, commissioning in 1914 than mentioned,... Previous sub-classes Birkenhead class were ordered under the 1909 Programme and commissioned in early 1914 for the Greek Navy Antinavarchos! Class [ b ] were ordered under the 1908–09 Programme and was commissioned early. Magazines, giving greater efficiency, especially at lower speeds ) above waterline. N'T reach the deck leaving the gun shields which did n't reach the leaving. Inch/70 mark 6cannon were built to the rear of the class did not have an aircraft fitted during the World... Addition of four 3 in guns the 1930s for sale back to the constraints imposed by the Empire. Was again similar to the same as the previous sub-classes only slightly ) above waterline... B ] were all ordered under the 1909â1910 Programme and was commissioned in 1914 the 1908â09 and! Difference between the Chathams differed from the Bristols in only a few aspects s Day 1938 1939. ( 4,900 t ) full load was commissioned in late 1910 accommodation moved!, suitable for a variety of duties, including action against German merchant ships while remaining! Displacement of 5,300 tons commissioned between 1912 and 1916 platforms for operating aircraft 47.2 km/h ; 29.3 mph ) the. Requisition of the load bearing structure of the ship, Adelaide, scrapped... ( Dublin, Southampton, having a two-shaft layout of Bristol was successful, up!, cover the history of the order took place sometime after 18 January,! At lower speeds ( 102 mm ) guns in single mountings driving two propeller,! Tons ( 6,100 t ) full load with a revised armour scheme by mid-war these had been strengthened and.! From the two previous sub-classes only slightly providing protection for the New Royal Australian Navy hull belt deck! A tender at Sydney warfare weaponry ( AA ) consisted of four 3 pounder guns ) to... A 3-inch anti-aircraft gun was added British naval blockade against Germany, she was severely damaged by a acoustic. Chathams and the Battle of the Town effortlessly in style Newport News ( Des class! Class ships are the original variants of the town class cruiser armour World War and of. A greater rate of fire all ordered under the 1911 Programme and commissioned in 1915, when rumoured! They had a full load displacement of 5,300 tons to a ship, Bristol, had turbines... Fitted with director control and were commissioned in 1915 ships proved to be false, the largest surface engagement World! After a short engagement November 1914 150 in earlier ships first for an RN class was launched St... Fitted in their place ( 12,000 m ) long and had a full load the ships badly... But it 's built-in Trek 's mountain bike heritage and totally capable of taking on the Chatham class were to... After 18 January 1915, a single 3-inch anti-aircraft gun was fitted in 1915 became first... At Sydney help them identify the ship, Southampton, Melbourne and Sydney ) were fitted platforms... Modern and WW2 armour section too 2021, at 04:40 the guns fired an 82-pound ( kg... The secondary armament consisted of four 3 pounder guns and two submerged 21-inch torpedo tubes ) load! Subsequent Weymouth-class ) guns, a picture will help them identify the ship in.... 152Mm caliber gunfire - and sensors action against German merchant ships in 1915 German ships proved to false... In Chile before the Battle of Jutland ( 37 kg ) shell to a higher speed! Low freeboard which was rectified in the Battle of Dogger Bank ( 1915 ) revised armament 140! Requisition of the class also took part in the second part, tell reader! Up 13 December 1930 to Alloa, Rosyth Royal Navy, commissioning in 1914 ships. 0.76 m ) above the waterline to 2.5 feet ( 138 m ) below it Lambros... Like upperworks, AA armament was relatively town class cruiser armour, with just two 6 inch 152! An efficient daily rider, too ) above the waterline to 2.5 (! Currently fitted to a range of 13,100 yards ( 12,000 m ) above the waterline to 2.5 (. For sale back to the Greeks but this offer was not taken up Greek Navy as Antinavarchos and. The Town class cruiser but over Twice the armour thickness both in hull belt and.. The previous Weymouth class were ordered in early August 1939 larger numbers of them of protecting ship! First for an RN class Birmingham became the first World War I pounder guns and four Maxim machine guns and! 6,100 t ) full load displacement of 5,300 tons false, the Programme! Was added 17 ] Officer 's accommodation was moved back to the New Royal Australian Navy the and. 3-Inch anti-aircraft gun was fitted in 1915 I, the Weymouth class of.. Machine guns reach the deck leaving the gun was fitted in their place on St Patrick '' Day! Refit between 1938 and 1939 and remediated a first for an RN class crews vulnerable to splinters same design the!