It is further concerned about the lack of disaggregated data on children with disabilities in Hong Kong SAR, and that reports indicate that they are commonly excluded and discriminated, including by teachers, and bullied by their peers.Recalling its general comment No. [The Committee] also encourages the State party to enhance victims' access to justice and redress, for example, through training aimed at judicial officers, including judges, lawyers and prosecutors, in order to enhance their capacity to deal with violence against women in a gender-sensitive manner and ensure that claims are investigated expeditiously, including incidents of violence against women in detention centres. However, the Committee also notes the Government’s statement that the restrictions linked to household registration have begun to change and that various levels of governments have taken measures to ensure that children of migrant workers receive compulsory education with local students, such as establishing budgets based on the total number of children accepted (not just the number of officially registered local children). The ITUC states that girls are the first to drop out when economic pressures affect their families, and that girls are more often found to be working in factories. These procedures allowed for prolonged incommunicado detention and increased the risk of torture and other ill-treatment and forced … Moreover, the Committee is concerned about the insufficient data and statistical information about the extent of trafficking, in particular internal trafficking. The Committee further notes the Government’s statement that it has, since 2008, been carrying out monitoring work on progress towards the balanced development of compulsory education in 72 counties across the country. The Committee therefore requests the Government to provide information on measures taken to address the commercial sexual exploitation of persons under 18 years of age who are not street children or victims of trafficking, particularly their use, offering or procuring for the purpose of prostitution, pornography or pornographic performances. It asks the State party to provide sufficient community-based services and assistance also in rural areas. The Committee also urges the State party to take measures aimed at the rehabilitation and reintegration of women in prostitution into society, to enhance other livelihood opportunities for women to leave prostitution, provide support for them to do so and to prevent any detention of women without due legal process. For those children with disabilities living at home in rural areas, the Committee is concerned at the lack of community-based services and assistance. The Committee recommends that in all areas of its jurisdiction, the State party strengthen its efforts to build a system of restorative and rehabilitative juvenile justice fully in line with the Convention, in particular articles 37, 39 and 40, the Committee’s general comment No. Furthermore, the ITUC states that Chinese police and local authorities collude with traffickers in the Tibet Autonomous Region near the Nepal border, to recruit girls and women to work as escorts and prostitutes, resulting in approximately 10,000 sex workers in the city of Lhasa. It further recommends that the State party vigorously address the causes of son-preference, which remain strong in rural areas, and of the negative consequences of the one-child policy as regards the adverse sex ratio by expanding insurance systems and old-age pensions to the population at large, in particular in rural areas. The Committee further urges the State party to increase public expenditure on education in general, and to take deliberate and targeted measures towards the progressive realisation of the right to education for the disadvantaged and marginalised groups throughout the country. It is also concerned that child sex tourism remains a serious problem in Macau SAR and that alleged complicity of government officials in trafficking and sexual exploitation related offenses has led to impunity for such crimes. (Paragraphs86 to 90), UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural RightsLast reported: 27 to 29 April 2005Concluding Observations published: 13 May 2005, The Committee is concerned about the problem of the sale of women and girl children and of the abandonment of elderly women. The Committee is concerned about the problem of the sale of women and girl children and of the abandonment of elderly women. David Cameron, the British Prime Minister, has been … (Paragraphs 22)._________________________________________________________________Forced labour in re-education campsUN Committee on the rights of the Child (Concluding Observations, October 2013). (Paragraph 26)The Committee urges mainland China to put in place a comprehensive approach to take effective and systematic action to combat social, cultural and economic discrimination against girls and women, including social-institutional norms and practices that are inconsistent with the provisions of the Convention and perpetuate discrimination against girls. It specifically recommends that mainland China:(a) Adopt comprehensive legal and policy measures to address the underlying factors for infanticide, including the ‘One-Child Policy’;(b) Ensure more effective and consistent application and enforcement of laws against infanticide in all provinces and prefectures; and(c) Improve ways to count, verify and register every birth. The Government indicates that two China–Myanmar border liaison offices were established to combat the cross-border trafficking of women and children, and that 14 trafficking victims were returned to Myanmar in the first half of 2009 as a result of this collaboration. The Committee further notes that the Government signed an MOU with the Ministry of the Interior of Cambodia, which includes cooperation to combat trafficking. It specifically recommends that mainland China:(a) Adopt comprehensive legal and policy measures to address the underlying factors for infanticide, including the ‘One-Child Policy’;(b) Ensure more effective and consistent application and enforcement of laws against infanticide in all provinces and prefectures; and(c) Improve ways to count, verify and register every birth. Inadequate response to the prevalence of HIV and AIDS. The Committee expresses its serious concern about the lack of accessible compulsory education for the children of migrant workers and urges the Government to redouble its efforts to ensure that these children have equal access to free basic education. (Paragraph 37)In line with its general comments No. However, the Committee noted that in 2007, the State Council made more funds available for rural compulsory schooling including providing tuition to all rural students of compulsory school age and increased subsidies to boarding school students from poor rural families. The Committee previously noted that section 240 of the Criminal Law provides penalties for the sale and trafficking of children. Tibetan children are victims of multiple discriminations, particularly in training. The Committee noted the implementation of the ILO–IPEC “Preventing trafficking in girls and young women for labour exploitation within China” project (CP-TING Project), in collaboration with the All-China Women’s Federation (ACWF), and the “Mekong Subregional Project to Combat Trafficking in Children and Women” (TICW Project). 10 on Children’s rights in Juvenile Justice (CRC/C/GC/10) and other relevant standards. Trafficked, in turn, are most often sexually exploited, and the one-child policy is also implicated in this area, since some parents do not hesitate to sell their daughters to have a second chance having a boy. In this regard, the Committee noted the Government’s statement that, under the relevant legislation, any form of forced labour involving juvenile delinquents is banned. It urges mainland China to ensure that no child is deprived of his or her liberty unlawfully or arbitrarily and that the best interests of the child shall be the primary consideration in any action. BE HEARD! (Paragraph 5)._________________________________________________________________Discrimination against children with disabilitiesUN Committee on the Rights of the Child (Concluding Observations, October 2013). Please note that these reports are hosted by CRIN as a resource for Child Rights campaigners, researchers and other interested parties. Penalties. Realizing Children’s Rights in China Chinese children do not fully enjoy their rights, even though progress has been made in recent years. The Committee observes that these Plans do not appear to address the commercial exploitation of children who are not victims of trafficking, or who do not live on the street. Forced abortions and sterilisations The Committee, while welcoming the State party’s efforts to implement the Committee’s concluding observations of 2005 on the State party’s second periodic report (CRC/C/CHN/CO/2), notes with regret that some of the recommendations contained therein have not been fully addressed.The Committee reiterates its recommendations to mainland China and Macao SAR and Hong Kong SAR to take all necessary measures to address all those recommendations that have not been implemented or not sufficiently implemented and urges the State party to: (c) Explicitly prohibit by law corporal punishment in the family, schools, institutions and all other settings, including penal institutions. Moreover, they are victims of widespread discrimination because of their poverty and, sometimes, difficulty in learning another dialect. Moreover, the Committee is concerned about the insufficient data and statistical information about the extent of trafficking, in particular internal trafficking.The Committee also urges the State party to take measures aimed at the rehabilitation and reintegration of women in prostitution into society, to enhance other livelihood opportunities for women to leave prostitution, provide support for them to do so and to prevent any detention of women without due legal process UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural RightsLast reported: 27 to 29 April 2005Concluding Observations issued: 13 May 2005 It is further concerned about: 2. The Committee is concerned about the absence of specific data on child labour in mainland China while reports indicate that child labour and exploitation, including through abductions and sale of children by criminal gangs is widespread. Compulsory schooling. . (Paragraph 29). By the end of 2009, seven border liaison offices for combating cross-border human trafficking had been established. Moreover, the Committee is concerned about the insufficient data and statistical information about the extent of trafficking, in particular internal trafficking.The Committee also urges the State party to take measures aimed at the rehabilitation and reintegration of women in prostitution into society, to enhance other livelihood opportunities for women to leave prostitution, provide support for them to do so and to prevent any detention of women without due legal process, UN Working Group on arbitrary detentionCountry visit: 18 to 30 September 2004Report published: 29 December 2004, Forms of administrative detention still in force include the following:− Work Study Schools (gongdu xuexiao), implemented to correct what is described in the Law on Preventing Juvenile Delinquency adopted on 28 June 1999 as “Seriously unhealthy behaviour that seriously harms society but does not qualify for criminal punishments”. Universal Periodic Review (2009) Continue to strengthen policies to promote education and to address educational imbalances between urban and rural areas and among regions (Angola); (accepted)_________________________________________________________________Lack of education provision in minority languagesUN Committee on the Rights of the Child (Concluding Observations, October 2013). in conformity with article 4, paragraph 2 of the Optional Protocol.The Committee further recommends that the State party:(a) Undertake research on the root causes and extent of the commercial sexual exploitation of children, child sex tourism and sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, to identify children at risk, assess the extent of the problem and develop targeted policies and programmes in mainland China and Macau SAR;(b) Immediately address the issue of corruption and impunity in Macau SAR as a matter of priority, through rigorous investigations of complaints of complicity by government officials and their prosecution for such crimes; and(c) Take all necessary measures, legal and institutional, to strengthen identification, investigation and prosecution of foreign paedophiles in all jurisdiction of the State party, particularly in Macau SAR. Lastly, the Committee notes the information in the compilation report of 16 December 2008 prepared by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights for the Universal Periodic Review of China that the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the Committee on the Rights of the Child each called upon China to eliminate all miscellaneous and other “hidden” fees for primary education (A/HRC/WG.6/4/CHN/2, paragraph 38). The Committee is concerned that these prevailing attitudes continue to devalue women and violate their human rights. (i) Forced labour in re-education through labour camps. . Paragraph 84(a) (Argentina): "Recommended analysing the possibility of ratifying human rights instruments which are considered relevant in strengthening its promotion and protection, highlighting: ICCPR, International Convention for the Protection of All Persons Against Enforced Disappearances, and assess the possibility of accepting the competency of the Committee on Enforced Disappearances in accordance with the Convention, and the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, supplementing the Convention against Transnational Organised Crime". With regard to the implementation of its promises for international cooperation, the Chinese government reported in its 2004 human rights white paper that it “conscientiously wrote its first reports on the implementation of the “International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights” and the “Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child … The Government expresses the view that the labour assigned to juvenile delinquents is not forced labour, but a kind of skills training and education. Know more [Virtual Event] Launch of the Resource Book: Public Budgeting for Children’s Rights in the Philippines. in conformity with article 4, paragraph 2 of the Optional Protocol.The Committee further recommends that the State party:(a) Undertake research on the root causes and extent of the commercial sexual exploitation of children, child sex tourism and sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, to identify children at risk, assess the extent of the problem and develop targeted policies and programmes in mainland China and Macau SAR;(b) Immediately address the issue of corruption and impunity in Macau SAR as a matter of priority, through rigorous investigations of complaints of complicity by government officials and their prosecution for such crimes; and(c) Take all necessary measures, legal and institutional, to strengthen identification, investigation and prosecution of foreign paedophiles in all jurisdiction of the State party, particularly in Macau SAR. The Committee therefore requests the Government to redouble its efforts, within the framework of the NPAT 2008–12, to combat and eliminate both internal and cross-border trafficking of persons under 18. 138)Published: 2010 The Government indicated that in 2006 the Compulsory Education Law was revised to provide that, “[l]ocal governments shall provide equal access to compulsory education for school-aged children living with their parents or guardians who are working or residing in places other than their registered permanent residences”, following which localities established basic regimes to ensure access to compulsory education for migrant children. The Committee is also concerned about the high junior middle school dropout rate in some rural areas. For girls, the threat of sexual exploitation looms large, while boys may be exploited by armed forces or groups. Worst forms of child labour. 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